Genocide is the crime where one group tries to annihilate another. This hatred is directed against nations, religious or ethnic groups. Sad. The worst: still happening today.
5. Massacre in Rwanda
WHEN – April 1994
VICTIMS – 700 000 dead and 200 thousand Tutsi refugees, hundreds of Hutus killed
AUTHOR OF THE CRIME – Hutu militia
For a hundred days, Hutu militias staged a bloodbath in that small African country in an attempt to exterminate the Tutsis, another ethnic group. In addition to the barbarity, the more shocked that the world was the passive stance of the UN and major powers, who watched the carnage without intervening. In the end, Tutsi guerrillas took their country. Then it was time for two million Hutus, fearing retaliation, leaving the area.
CRUELTY – The main weapon used to kill the Tutsis were machetes (long knives). Thousands of them were imported from China months before, in a calculated act of preparation.
4. Mass death in Armenia
WHEN – 1915-1917
VICTIMS – 1.5 million Armenians killed, deported 500 000
AUTHOR OF THE CRIME – Ottoman Turks
In the First World War, accused of treason and collusion with the Russians, 2 million Armenians were forced to leave their homes and march to a desert region near Syria, where they were left to die. It is considered the first modern genocide on a large scale, done in an organized way (the inspiration for Hitler, who always cited as an example). Until today, Turkey denies the killings.
CRUELTY – who “escorted” the Armenians to the desert paramilitary groups were formed by ex-convicts, who raped, robbed and killed the exiled during the journey.
3. Blood in Cambodia
WHEN – 1975-1979
VICTIMS – 1.7 million people
AUTHOR OF THE CRIME – Khmer Rouge
Pol Pot, leader of the Communists who took power in Cambodia, he decided to “cleanse” the country rather than a specific ethnic group (though Chinese and Vietnamese minorities have been decimated after), but anybody who believes in a way anti-Communist. The intellectuals, monks, and anyone with a job were considered “bad apples.” Who has not been shot when he went to re-education camps, where he worked until his death. He is most famous self-genocide in history.
CRUELTY – Contempt for Life marked the Khmer Rouge’s motto: “Keep you alive does not bring us any benefit. Will not destroy you is no loss for us.”
2. Ukrainian Genocide
WHEN – 1932-1933
VICTIMS – 3 million Ukrainians
AUTHOR OF THE CRIME – Soviet Union
Determined to transform Ukraine and its production of wheat in a fortress of Communism, Stalin decided to “cleanse” the region of what bothered him most: the Ukrainians. They could not speak their language, were persecuted by the secret service and left to starve. Bandits charged extortionate prices on the black market, children were abandoned and even cannibalism rolled in what became known as Holomodor.
CRUELTY – Stalin launched the “law of five ears.” Who was arrested for taking food itself was accused of stealing state. Penalty: ten years of hard labor or death.
1. Jewish Holocaust
WHEN – 1939-1945
VICTIMS – 6 million Jews
AUTHOR OF THE CRIME – Nazis
Besides the quantity, the scariest was the almost industrial like the Jews were massacred. At the height of the concentration camps, clothing, teeth, hair and even the bodies were reclaimed by the Nazis. Strongest men worked to death, the “unproductive” went straight to the gas chambers and others were simply executed (it is estimated that 1.4 million) in operations of “cleaning”.
CRUELTY – The massacre also occurred in other ways. About 800 000 Jews died of typhoid fever, malnutrition and other diseases by being confined in ghettos called.