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Six Steps of Criminal Profiling Process

Six steps that collectively make up criminal profiling process: Profiling Inputs, Decision Process Models, Crime Assessment, The Criminal Profile, The Investigation and The Apprehension.

The modern Crime Scene Analysis used by the FBI consists of six steps that collectively make up their profiling process. They are the following: Profiling Inputs, Decision Process Models, Crime Assessment, The Criminal Profile, The Investigation and The Apprehension.

The first step (Profiling Inputs) involves the collection and assessment of all of the materials relating to the specific case. This can usually include photographs taken of the crime scene and victim, a comprehensive background check of the victim, autopsy protocols, other forensic examinations relating to the crime, and any relevant information that is necessary to establish an accurate picture about what occurred before, during or after the crime. The stage of profiling inputs is the most important as it serves as a basis for all other stages. If  incorrect or insufficient information is provided, the subsequent analysis will be affected.

The second step (Decision Process Models) involves arranging all of the information gathered in the previous stage into a logical and coherent pattern. This step might also include establishing the number of victims involved.

The third step (Crime Assessment) usually involves the reconstruction of the sequence of events and the specific behaviors of both the victim and perpetrator. This can really help the analyst in understanding the “role” each individual has in the crime and should assist in developing the subsequent profile of the criminal.

The fourth step (The Criminal Profile)  is the process of providing a list of background, physical, and behavioral characteristics of the perpetrator. This stage can give the investigators the clues how to identify and apprehend the perpetrator.

The fifth step (The Investigation) involves providing the actual profile to requesting agencies which incorporate it into their investigation. The actual profile needs reassessment in case new evidence comes to light or no suspects are generated.

The sixth step (The Apprehension) has  the purpose to cross check the profile produced with the characteristics of the offender once they are apprehended. This step may never be tested as the criminal may be unavailable for cross checking, arrested on some other charge, or stop criminal activity.

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