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Causes of Youth Unemployment in Pakistan

This is an important topic that one must lear that why there is no good employment rate in Pakistan an what should we do about it.

Unemployment is enforced idleness of wage earner who is able and willing to work but cannot find jobs. In societies like Pakistan where most people earn their living only by working for others being unable to find a job is a serious problem. In Pakistan population pressure lower the economic growth rate and resulting in poor or slow growth of country economy. According to the survey report the rate of unemployment in 2003 was 7.80 percent which increased to 15.20 percent by the year 2010. In Pakistan 50 percent of our population is composed of women who are treated as out of the work force. Unemployment in Pakistan is increasing due to various causes but if these things can be controlled than unemployment rate can automatically decline.


                                                As observed in various countries the unemployment graph accounted for age specification reveals a U shaped pattern high unemployment in the initial phases or among youth category. a moderate trend for the middle age group people and again highly intensive among old. Pakistan`s trend is not far apart from this general trend, Moreover distribution of unemployed according to gender figures out high unemployment rates on the part of females, The recent government programmers have contributed to a high degree in confiscating the child labour by launching the educational campaigns rigorously and by increasing the enrolments at primary levels especially in urban areas. This policy of promoting the education has confined the variance of unemployment rate to reasonable extent on the part of males but on part of females the conventional and traditional norms are still strong enough to impede the way of females from coming out of this hall.


                                               Kalsoom Zulfiquar and Aslam Chaudhary (2007) Dimensions and Spread of Unemployment Spell in Pakistan. The study aims to analyze unemployment spell by utilizing Borooah (2002) technique, which adjusts aggregate unemployment rate for differences in the distribution of unemployment spell. So far, there is not a single study pertaining To Pakistan which may have been focused on this issue. Besides, forecast for unemployment rate has been estimated; on the basis of region/province, age and gender. It has been identified that females are more victim of unemployment than males. The NWFP is at the top having high level of unemployment, as compared to other provinces. Moreover, it appears that the official level of unemployment identified by the public sector is much lower than the real level of unemployment in Pakistan. The above cited findings of the study draw attention of economic managers to pay attention not only to unemployment problem but also to its spell at province level, for different age groups and by gender.

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