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Adolescence in Social Learning

Understanding how our youths adapt to changes.

Adolescence in Social Learning

            According to Albert Bandura(1977), a person learns most of his behaviours by observing  models. With this process, an individual will gain firsthand knowledge on how to perform these behaviors that he may use as guide for his future actions. As an example, Brian, a 9-year old boy, learned to drink and smoke after he saw his older brother did it. His habit of using vindictive words, on the other hand, materialized as was a witness to his parents’ constant bickering. Brian’s behaviour is explained in the Social Learning Theory. The child learns by imitating a model, his brother and his parents. The theory explains that through modelling, the child learns by observing and remembering what the model does. Later on, he will reinforce his observation by doing it himself and, if satisfied, motivated to adopt what he learns (Bandura, 1977). Adolescents imitate what others are doing to fit in the group, to be accepted or just to satisfy their curiosity.

Violence is not inherent to people; however, they learn aggression through modelling process (Bandura, 1976). Many adolescents assume that aggression gives them rewards like money or praises of others that build up their confidence. When a child, for example, sees his father hits his mother repeatedly, there is a big probability that the child will become an abusive father or parent himself. Children become aggressive because they see the adults, particularly family members, behave violently(Siegel, 1992).

It is a challenge for adolescents to decide whether to imitate their models or not, which behaviour to follow and which to reject. Adolescents should emphasize self-regulation by setting their own standard and having their own ideas about what is right and what is wrong (Bandura, 1977). People are capable of controlling events that affect their lives. That’s self-efficacy (Bandura, 1995).

 

Application:

 

     Homework clubs are great resources for adolescence.  The clubs help students with tutoring and mentoring. I feel a lot of teenagers need the extra help to achieve their goals academically.  Students can engage with each other to compare notes and problem solve assignments together.  The teacher can monitor students by keeping in close touch with the student, so problems can be corrected.  The clubs would assist students that need extra help in English, Math, Reading and Science.  The program would start after school for one hour three times a week.  This could help students in understanding the material and helping them pass state-wide test by interacting with their peers.

Michelle Put Your Group Learning Application here……..

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References:

·         Barbosa, Elizabeth, PhD. (2005).The Brazilian Telenovela “El Clon”:An Analysis of

            Viewers’ Online Vicarious and Learning Experiences (p. 40-41). Lyn University

Retrieved March 22, 2009 from  http://www.floridabrasil.com/brazilian-soup-opera/index.html

·         Isom, Margart Delores (Nov. 30, 1998). The Social Learning Theory. Retrieved March

            22, 2009 from http://www.criminology.fsu.edu/crimtheory/bandura.htm

·         Moore, Amanda (May 1999). Albert Bandura (1925-present). Retrieved March 22, 2009

            from http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/bandura.htm#Theory  

·         Seigel, L., (1992). Criminology. West Publishing Company: St. Paul, Minn

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