Let’s learn from the bottom-up reading model.
Bottom-up reading model, also known as part-to-whole model, considers the importance of written or printed text as it brings about reading. The views of the following researchers about the bottom-up reading mode helps in understanding it better:
Reading starts with the understanding of the code.
Analysis of the coe helps in getting easily the meaning of the text.
Writing only records speech.
The hierarchical organization of the written text is important in reading.
Reading starts with the processing of the smallest linguistic unit, and moves gradually to putting together the smallest units, which result in recognizing and understanding the highest units.
Learning to transfer from auditory signs for language signals to a set of visual signs for the same signals is needed in reading.
Responding automatically to the visual patterns is essential to reading. With the cumulative comprehension of the meanings signaled, the reader is able to fill in the gaps or those parts of the signals which he does not see in the graphic representations.
Phillip B. Gough:
Developming a considerable range of habitual responses to a specific set of patters suggests ability to learn to read.
Positive recognition of every word through phonemic encoding results from processing letter-by-letter visual analysis.
In reading, we apply lexical, syntactic, and semantic rules to the phonemic output which itself has been encoded from print.