Causes, possible solutions and counseling implications.
Nigeria educational institutions are beset by many kinds of cancerous problems like cultism. Perhaps, this is one of the prices Nigeria has to pay for it efforts at developing its human and material resources. It is against this background that this paper x-rayed possible causes, and consequences of cultism in educational institutions of learning in Nigeria. Also, some suggestions/solutions and counseling implications to cultism are made.
That education is a crucial factor in the social, economic, political and technological development of a nation is not in doubt. And Thompson (2000) strongly believes that “the greatest asset to any society is her citizens and their various abilities”. These abilities can be acquired through quality education. Imogie (2002) noted that no nation can rise above all the quality of its educated citizenry. Unfortunately, despite all concerted efforts by the federal government to provide its citizens with quality education, the reverse is the case. Nigerian educational institutions are beset by many cancerous problems. Undoubtedly, one of such social vices confronting Nigerian institutions today is cultism.
There is hardly no academic session without reported cases of cultism in most Nigerian institutions. In fact, there is hardly no single Nigerian institutions of higher learning that has not experienced this menace of cultism. Over a decade and half hundred of souls have been to an early grave through the nefarious and nocturnal activities of these cultists. From the university of Ibadan through University of Maiduguri, down to Port Harcourt where cultists were currently holding sway, the length and breath of the nation seem to be under the siege of cultism.
The presenter at this point would want to explain what secret cults are. According to Tijani (2005), secret cults are those organizations whose activities are known to members only. They are signs and symbols that may not make any meaning to outsiders. They engage in nocturnal activities like initiation ceremonies, and meetings that involve blood oath taking.
Chambers 21st century Dictionary (1999) defined secret cult as something which is popular and regarded as particularly significant by a certain group of people: a fashion, craze or fad. Oxford advanced Learners dictionary defines cultism as a system of religious worship especially one that is expressed in rituals.
In summary, cultism can be defined as a ritual practice by a group of people whose membership, admission, policy and initiation formalities as well as their mode of operations are done in secret and kept secret with their activities having negative effects on both members and non-members alike. Inside its practices are music and dance.