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Current Literacy Situation in Pakistan

Pakistan has been placed at the 144th position out of 175 countries in terms of the Human Development Index. In other words, Pakistan ranks among the 30 bottom countries of the world.

Like others, in Pakistan too every effort has been made for the quantitative expansion of formal school education with the assumption that it will contribute to increase the literacy rate. This assumption has not held true during the last five decades and the country is still far away from universal mass literacy.

Definitions of Literacy in Different Census Years of Pakistan

1951 One who can read a clear print in any language.

  1. One who is able to read with understanding a simple letter in any language
  2. One who is able to read and write in some language with understanding
  3. One who can read newspaper and write a simple letter

1998 One who can read newspaper and write a simple letter, in any language.

Current Literacy Situation in Pakistan

The overall rate of literacy rate in Pakistan has been improving at very slow pace. In 1951, the overall literacy rate in Pakistan was 16.41% and after 50 years, the current estimated rate for 2003 is 51.31%. On the other hand, the total number of illiterates in Pakistan has almost doubled in absolute numbers. In 1951, there were only 22.54 million illiterates in Pakistan; while 1998 Census results show that illiterate population has risen to 48.84 million.

Although there was a raise in the literacy rate from 1972 to 1998, but the situation in Pakistan is still very gloomy; because the population keeps on increasing. Like wise the discrepancy between the literacy among males and females is at its peak.

The population census of 1998 establishes that the population of Pakistan is more than 132 million, of which the urban population is above 43 million and rural population is above 89 million. Pakistan has been placed at the 144th position out of 175 countries in terms of Human Development Index. In other words, Pakistan ranks among the 30 bottom countries of the world further, the ratio of male female enrolment is also alarming. Rural women are an important component in the complex subject of rural development in Pakistan. There is a growing realization on the part of the government that the participation of girls and women, who constitute half the population, is essential for any planned and rapid progress in all the districts of Pakistan.

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  1. Neelofar Khowja

    On October 22, 2008 at 11:07 pm


    We can see the current condition of Paksitan .oNe of the main causes is as sameas dscussed by JUMANI

  2. SEEMA SAEED

    On October 22, 2008 at 11:11 pm


    Government should put extra taxes on those who keep themself left behind. Indeed sad picture.
    Thanks Jumani for toaking a step to show us the reality

  3. Naseem Khan

    On October 22, 2008 at 11:14 pm


    what are the current situation. plz let us know

  4. Aamir shah

    On October 22, 2008 at 11:16 pm


    Alas!! Every body is responsible to make a contribution through best of his capacity.when that day would come.

  5. Aneeyl

    On October 29, 2008 at 8:25 am


    It’s great to acknowledge the above report in which you are discussing about the Pakistan’s Literacy.However something is being missed

  6. aisha laiq

    On November 26, 2008 at 12:24 pm


    Great!!! so Pakistani government has started realising that there is no progress without Women being literate!!!!
    how many years did it take them to realise such a simple truth!
    Pathetic…

  7. Fatima

    On March 12, 2009 at 8:40 am


    Being a Pakistani we have to do individully to literate our People.

  8. Umair

    On March 29, 2009 at 6:28 am


    Maam whts the current rate????

  9. taimoor

    On September 30, 2009 at 12:15 am


    Its never too late , atleast we r tring

  10. sami

    On October 3, 2009 at 10:37 am


    current litracy rate is shows a terrible situation for al of usssssssssss

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