Write up on examination malpractice and its effects and how it affect counselors.
The concern for quality and goal-oriented education in Nigeria necessitated this study. This is because a nation is driven by the quality of education provided for her citizens. However, education in Nigeria today can truly be said to be bedeviled by numerous problems one of which is examination malpractice. Thus, the paper discusses issues in examination malpractice, pointing out causes, consequences and the implications for the counselor. It also recommends ways of controlling the scourge.
Introduction/Definition Of Terms
It is true that no nation, can rise above the quality of education provided for her citizens. And since the advent of western education in Nigeria, examinations have being the major instrument used for the evaluation of learners (or students’ achievement). It is a means of assessing the quality and quantity or performance that an individual has accumulated at the end of a teaching process which may spread over a period of seventeen weeks: According to Adekate (1993), examinations are instruments used for the assessment of individuals skills and knowledge-content, both in general and specific areas of studies and over-all academic achievements.
To Liman, as cited by Arifayan (2004), examination in broad perspective is an instrument for testing, assessing, evaluation and accreditation. Thus in schools, examination is a potent instrument for judgment of knowledge or competence. On her own part, Alutu (2005) simply defined examination as a process of measuring how much knowledge a student in an institution of learning has acquired after exposing him/her to definite course of instruction.
Drawing upon all these definitions, examinations can rightly be said to be an indispensable tool in our educational system. In fact, examinations serve various functions. They are used mainly to determine students’ grades and award of certificate to candidates. Usually, certificates are awarded to only those candidates who pass the final examinations at the end of their course. Examination also serves as a means of selecting the best candidates for various purposes. Students are admitted into different institutions of learning on the basis of their scores in the stipulated qualifying examinations. Moreover, promotion of students within the institution/school is based on passing the examinations set for that purpose. In addition, examinations help the lecturers/teachers to evaluate their own work. The application of tests and examinations helps the lecturers/teachers to adjust or change his instructional strategies in the process of teaching and learning in the school system. If the student’s performance in examination is encouraging, then it indicates that the teachers’/lecturers’ methods of teaching are appropriate and efficient.