The study addresses how technology enhances learning and increase dynamism in developing countries. This paper looks at how the medical and media industries in Nigeria utilize technology for learning and change. The study shows that there increase in technology has lead to an increase in learning as skills are required to function new technologies. The study found that across the different sectors of medicine and media, non formal learning and in house trainings have been dominant mastering new technologies. However, the study also raises important issues about the extent to which Nigeria is technologically fit. Therefore, improved learning and change for different sectors in the country.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN NIGERIAN SCHOOLS AND UNIVERSITIES
(IFAMUYIWA & ALEBIOSU, 2008)Argues that the education system in Nigeria is rooted in traditional system of pre colonial days. Education was vocational. Farming, weaving, blacksmithing pot making medicine men and hunting were the main things that were taught then. Apprenticeship was the main mode of learning and without noticing it science and technology was practiced then. These training went hand in hand with the societal needs of Nigeria. Essentially, the science that was regarded as informal and indigenous was practiced in the pre-colonial era. It was stimulating, informative and useful. It provided a lead way for understanding, interpreting and relating with the world and nature. The limitations however are numerous especially in its inability to provide adequate scientific explanations for causes and events observed in the natural world. The science practice lacked documentation and it was conservative and authoritarian.
Missionaries are responsible for the coming of western education in Nigeria. It is in this perspective that science and technology reformed to be refined. This era has been characterized by discoveries, inventions and innovations. Western technology also paved its way to the schools and colleges of Nigeria which has served as a tool for acceleration of the development of national goals.
Science and technology allows students to experience richness of content and excitement as they engage in research, critical thinking and practical. It has largely helped in inventing procedures that help in problem solving science and technology facilitates industrial development.
Science and Technology in the National Education Policies of Nigeria.
Science and technology has been embraced in the education system of Nigeria. Policies were put in place to encourage science and technology in educational systems. The government empowered early childhood education, education, basic education, senior secondary education technical and scientific education and tertiary education by including science and technology in their curriculums. By including since and technology in their curriculum, Nigeria wanted to achieve the following according to (IFAMUYIWA & ALEBIOSU, 2008)
a). A free and democratic society
b) a just and egalitarian society
c). a great and dynamic economy
d). a land full of bright opportunities for all citizens.
The government provided infrastructure and the facilities needed to make sure that science and technology was being taught in educational institutions. It was to improve relevance of education, it reduced the rate of shall drop outs and improved acquisition of life skills. Emphasis was laid on communication techniques and entrepreneurial skills.