Social development is the attainment of maturity in social relations, can also be interpreted as a process of learning to conform to group norms, morals, and traditions. Social development of children is strongly influenced by the treatment or counseling of parents of children in introducing different aspects of social life, or the norms of society.
Preschool or kindergarten child characteristics – social development is the attainment of maturity in social relations, can also be interpreted as a process of learning to conform to group norms, morals, and traditions. Social development of children is strongly influenced by the treatment or counseling of parents of children in introducing different aspects of social life, or the norms of society.
In the process of its development there is an inherent characteristic periods and accompanying child. According to the Snowman (1993 in Patmonodewo, 2003) suggests the characteristics of preschool children (3-6 years) are usually of a kindergarten. The characteristics of kindergarten and preschool children are presented covering the physical, social, emotional and cognitive.
1) Physical Characteristics Children Preschool or Kindergarten. Appearance and gestures are easily distinguished by preschool children who are in earlier stages.
Preschool children are generally active. They already have a mastery or control over her body and really liked the activities carried out alone.
After the children doing various activities, children need adequate rest, often children do not realize that they have sufficient rest. Schedule a quiet activity required the child.
The large muscles in preschool children are more developed than the control of the fingers and hands. Therefore, children are usually not skilled, have not been able to perform complex activities such as for example, tying shoelaces.
Children still have trouble if it has to focus his gaze on objects small in size, which is why hand coordination is still less than perfect.
Although the child’s body limber, but the skull protects the brain is still soft (soft). Should be careful when children are fighting with his friends, should dilerai, should be explained to the children about the material.
although the larger boys, girls are more skilled in tasks that are practical, especially in fine motor tasks, but you should not criticize the boy if he was not skilled, away from the attitude compare boys-girls, also in skills competitions such as the so-called the above.
2) Characteristics of Social Kids Preschool or kindergarten
Generally, children at this stage has one or two friends, but friends are quick to change, they generally can quickly adapt socially, they want to play with friends. Chosen companions are usually the same sex, but then evolved companions of the opposite sex.
Play groups tend to be small and not well organized, because the group is rapidly changing.
Children are often easier to play next to an older child. Parten (1932) in social participation praschool Among children through observations of child free play in school, can distinguish some of the social behavior: a) unoccupied behavior do not play with real children. He may stand around other children and looked at his friend without doing any activity. b) Playing a solitary child to play alone with toys, different from what is played by a friend who was nearby, they try not to talk to each other. c) onlooker behavior of children produced by observing behavior. Sometimes make comments about what the other kids played, but did not try to play together. d) parallel play with the kids playing next to each other, but not entirely playing along with other children, they use the same toy, adjacent but not inter-dependent manner. e) Playing associative play with other children without the organization. No specific role, each child played with her own way. f) Co-operative play children play in groups where there is organization. There are leaders, each child plays in conducting activities such as playing shop-tokoan, or war.
3) Characteristics Emotional Children Preschool or kindergarten
Kindergarten children tend mngekspreseikan emotions freely and openly. Angry attitude often shown by children at that age.
Jealousy often occurs in preschoolers, they often fight over the teacher’s attention.
4) Cognitive Characteristics Children Preschool or kindergarten
Preschoolers are generally skilled in the language. Some of them love to talk, especially in the group, the child should be given the opportunity to speak, some of them trained to be a good listener.
Competencies children need to be developed through interaction, interests, opportunities, admire and love. Ainsworth and Wittig (1972) and the Shite and Wittig (1973) describes how to develop your child can grow to be competent in the following manner: a) Perform frequent and varied interactions with children. b) Show interest in what children say and do. c) Provide opportunities for children to explore and get a chance in many ways.
Give it a chance and encouragement to perform various activities independently. a) Encourage children to try to gain skills in a variety of behavior. b) Determine the boundaries of behavior that is allowed by the environment. c) Admire what kids do. d) We recommend that when communicating with children, do it with sincerity and warmth.