Learn what are the most powerful Indian tribes of the United States.
Throughout American history, especially in the 19th century, at the time of the Old West, the mighty Sioux and Apache peoples have excelled in resistance to invasion of the white man and the military. However, it is virtually impossible to establish, in fact, what tribes were “the” most important. ”Among hundreds of tribes that inhabited North America at the time of colonization, to list just a few disagreements always generates,” says Colin Calloway, a historian expert on Native Americans of Dartmouth College, USA. Even making the reservation, the scholar has helped us build a front line with people who have left their mark in the U.S., while his homeland was being violently demarcated – currently, these tribes live on reservations that are nowhere near match the territory they occupied originally.
The most important people in the unequal struggle of American Indians against the invading white settlers
Beside the Sioux, the Apaches were the ones who resisted the domination of the white man any longer. Divided into several small tribes and nomads, not spending much time in one place only surrendered even when 5000 U.S. soldiers surrounded the group of 50 warriors led by Geronimo
The brave buffalo hunters fought not only the States, getting to hang with ugly fights with Spaniards and to the Apaches. They acquired horses from Spanish enemies and combat techniques developed at a gallop to attack enemies
It was the first tribe “civilized” by the efforts of George Washington – first U.S. president. Creeks maintained extensive trade with the British and fought long wars to protect the territory against the Americans
Excellent hunters, also fought the Americans and Spanish invaders with bows and arrows. With 220,000 members, the Navajo are now the second most populous Indian nation the U.S., controlling the largest reserves in the country with the size of Ireland
The pueblo people was very competent in the use of clay pots used in the construction and housing. They supported the colonization of the Spaniards, Mexicans and Americans, being one of the few tribes that still occupy the area originally populated
Largest indigenous population in the U.S. today, with nearly 310,000 members, the Cherokee Nation has incorporated many customs of European settlers. Because of this, they were known at the time as one of the “Five Civilized Tribes”
They formed a confederation of six Indian nations, living under one democratic government. Later, Benjamin Franklin was inspired by the model of the Iroquois nation to develop the U.S. Constitution
Was also part of the “Five Civilized Tribes”, along with Cherokees and Creeks, mentioned in our list, and people Chickasaw and Seminole. They had their land expropriated for the cultivation of cotton and housing of slaves employed in agriculture
Formed by Dakota Indians, among other peoples, the great Sioux nation – that means men-buffalo – was the fiercest in defending their territory. As in the famous Battle of Little Bighorn in 1876 when, under the command of Chief Sitting Bull, settled the 7th Cavalry of General Custer
Moccasins with soles that wore black earned them the nickname Blackfeet – “black feet” in English. Availed themselves of an aggressive cavalry, equipped with firearms, to conquer neighboring tribes and play the terror against the invading white-skinned
Living on the edge of the Great Lakes tribe specializes in fishing, but not reduced their firepower fought alongside the French against other Indians and the British have a force that fought against the former colony that was already called the U.S.
More peaceful, was dedicated to agriculture. No wonder its towns became major centers for commerce of articles CSA. Like many tribes, have suffered from epidemics of smallpox that decimated much of the population in the 19th century.