A list of historically significant facts about James Cook.
Captain James Cook is undoubtedly one of the world’s greatest explorers in history. He is considered as the greatest navigator of Great Britain. Although Portugal and Spain were the leading colonizers during the 16th century, many parts of the world were still left undiscovered and unexplored. These remote places were discovered by James Cook for Great Britain.
Here are some interesting and important facts about Captain James Cook.
1. Captain James Cook is an English sailor who was born in 1728 in Northern England.
2. He worked for a shipping company when he was 18 years of age and joined the British Royal Navy when he was 27 years old in 1755.
3. His notable work in the navy was making maps of land in Canada that Britain conquered from France.
4. James Cook has sailed the world twice and was the first European to reach Hawaii and New Zealand.
5. He was the first European to know about kiwis, kangaroos, koalas, wallabies and penguins.
6. Cook, together with scientists and artists, sailed to the South Pacific Ocean in 1768 to observe the planet Venus and with hope to discover a new continent for Britain.
7. He reached New Zealand in 1770, sailed around it and explored the eastern portion of Australia.
8. Cook’s expedition was very scientific. He had drawn detailed maps and kept records of all the details on his voyage. In addition, he collected peculiar animals and plants and brought them home in 1771.
9. He made his second voyage to the South Pacific from 1772 to 1775 and discovered icebergs and penguins.
10. Cook sailed around Antarctica and found no land suitable for people to live.
11. He was also famous in keeping his men healthy with only a few became seriously ill.
12. His third and final voyage in 1776 was intended for searching the Northwest Passage – a possible sea route north of Canada linking Asia and Europe. He failed to find the Northwest Passage.
13. Cook reached Hawaii in 1778, the first European to set foot on the island and also the first European to land in Vancouver Island.
14. He returned to Hawaii in 1779 but was killed by a native inhabitant in a quarrel over a stolen boat.
15. James Cook University in Queensland, Australia is named after him. It has two other campuses in Brisbane and in Cairn.