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Anglo-saxon Period

An outline of the Anglo-Saxon period.

Anglo-Saxon Period

I.                   Introduction

a.       The formation of modern day England was very affected by the Anglo-Saxons leadership.

b.      The Angles and Saxons from Germany came into Europe and invaded the island now known at England.

c.       The country struggled to unify until the introduction of Christianity reemerged in Britain.

d.      They had a fairly civilized lifestyle, even though they were often depicted as being barbarian-like.

II.                Formation

a.       After the Romans evacuated Britain, there was no government. It only consisted of a collection of different clans.

b.      The lack of a central government made it a prime target for an invasion by non-Christian peoples.

c.       Around 450 A.D. the Angles and the Saxons from Germany and the Jutes from Denmark crossed the North Sea into Britain and drove out the previous inhabitants.

d.      They Anglo-Saxon language became dominant and the country was renamed England.

III.             Unity

a.       At the beginning of their settlement, the Anglo-Saxons were not very politically unified.

b.      They had many independent principalities, each with their own king to rule that section.

c.       In 871, King Alfred was the first to rule all of England, with a little help from the reemergence of Christianity.

d.      Under Christianity and King Alfred, the Anglo-Saxons fought to protect their lands from the Danes, a fierce Viking people that were invading and plundering their homeland.

e.       The battle continued until William, duke of Normandy came in and defeated them both in 1066.

IV.             Lifestyle

a.       The Anglo-Saxons did not live luxurious lives, yet were not barbarians, like they were often depicted.

b.      They tended to live close to their animals in single-family homesteads, arranged in such a way to contribute a sense of security because the leader and the followers were always so close.

c.       They considered poetry to be just as important as fighting, farming, hunting, or loving.

d.      They were very concerned with ethics, such as bravery, loyalty, generosity, and friendship.

V.                Conclusion

a.       The Anglo-Saxons were a pretty fair society, not always as scientifically advanced as other groups, but had strong leadership with surprisingly civilized rules.

b.      Christianity unified them in their time of need.

c.       They became more literate people, writing poetry, and considering it to be a good profession.

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