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Brigantine (Armor)

History.

Brigantine (from it. Brigantine, other names: English. Brigandine, coat-of-plates, jack-of-plates, Italian. Corazzina) – Armor of the plates, cold-worked, under a cloth base . Sukonnaya basis chivalry Brigantine often covered with velvet, often with coats of arms, and rivet assigned a decorative form. In XIII-XIV centuries, the brigantine was a typical knight’s armor, and in the XV century – a typical infantry .

Early brigantine – clearly visible strings on his back, and the fact that the back does not have a separate defense, and only protected by lateral processes brigantine, which call at his back. Also, it is clear that the brigantine is a fairly long and narrow plates arranged so that they limit the mobility. Similar design (see photo above the “chain mail armor Brigantine”) also has a chest this early brigantine; contrast, mainly in the fact that the plates are fully closed chest, and both throat and groin are protected by a coat of mail. In addition, the vulnerability also exist between the collarbone and neck, in which it is difficult to get a spear at full gallop, but that can fly random arrow shot from a bow cover. Due to the fact that quite a long vertical plate substantially limited mobility, often the front vertical plate made shorter by arranging them in several horizontal rows. In addition, sometimes also encountered the use of relatively large, curved on the edges of the horizontal plates on the abdomen and partly on the lower chest (see photo at the top ‘brigantine with decorative rivets).

Krupnoplastinchataya brigantine – well illustrated device split breastplates, made of a shape, and the presence of a single large plate, protecting the back. No more lower back segments laminar skirts at this brig is connected with a desire to ensure maximum comfort, as in the saddle, and on the chair. Tellingly, many of plate armor for the sake of this often did not have the protection plate seat, as well as the back and thighs, for the same reason, the horse armor for the battle is often absent codpiece (which appeared in the XV century). For comparison, a plate tournament armor for foot combat these parts, as a rule, were very well protected.

Brigantine end of the XIV century – such as samples of the late krupnoplastinchatoy brigantine actually represented a very real cuirass that obtyanuli velvet, adorned with decorative rivets and added a laminar skirt, like a normal krupnoplastinchatoy brigantine. There were also examples of this armor, based on the brigantine with a plastron, which differed from the polished cuirass with a skirt, only the presence of the brigantine brigantine back.

Late brigantine – despite the fact that the brigantine was driven armor, and XV, and XVI centuries, continued to create separate samples of Brigantine, was not destined for the infantry of the common people, and for the nobility, and therefore had high quality. Typically, such brigantine had a multilayer structure of classical fitted melkoplastinchatoy brigantine, improved availability of larger and stronger plates on his chest.

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