A look into the history of the province of Cavite.
Where I come from, there are many places and events that have transpired in the past that have largely contributed to the colorful history of what the Philippines is today.
The Declaration of Philippine Independence
On June 12, 1898, the proclamation of the Republic of the Philippines was made in the town of Kawit, Cavite at the ancestral home of General Emilio Aguinaldo. The Act of the Declaration of Independence was written and recited by Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista to proclaim the sovereignty and independence of the Philippines from the colonial Spanish rule. General Emilio Aguinaldo was the first President of the Philippines.
The Battle of Binakayan
On November 9-11, 1896, the battle of Binakayan headed by Gen. Aguinaldo, took place also in the town of Kawit, Cavite. After two days of fierce battle and the eventual retreat of the Spanish forces, this confrontation was considered to be the first victory for the revolution.
On September 12, 1896, 13 Filipinos were executed by musketry by the Spanish authorities for their involvement with the Katipunans during the revolution. They were known as the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite. Today, the city of Trece Martires in Cavite is named after them.
The Battle of Zapote Bridge
During the Philippine-American war in 1899-1902, one of the largest battle was fought at the Zapote Bridge in Cavite on June 3, 1899. Thousands of troops from both sides stood ground and suffered heavy losses. The ruins of Zapote Bridge still stands along General Aguinaldo Highway near Manila Bay.
Noveleta Tribunal or Town Hall Noveleta
What used to be a barrio of Kawit, Noveleta was made independent on January 5, 1868 by General Jose dela Gandera y Navarro. Noveleta was the seat of the Magdiwang Council of the Katipuneros, the counter part of Magdiwang Council under Gen. Aguinaldo. The Noveleta Tribunal was captured on August 31, 1896 which was then under the control of Gen. Mariano Alvarez.
Battle of Alapan Marker and Imus Flag
Gen. Aguinaldo’s first victory was in the battle of Alapan, Imus on May, 1898. The Filipino national flag was hoisted for the first time following the victory.
Tejeros Convention Site
On March 23, 1897, a meeting was held between the Magdalo and Magdiwang factions of the Katipunaros at Malabon, Cavite. Initially, the meeting was to discuss the defense of the Caviteños against the Spaniards But instead the convention became an election to decide the leaders for the movement.
Sangley Point Naval Base
A major ship and repair facility located at the northern part of Cavite City , Sangley Point Naval Base was under the control of the Americans during the second world war. It was turned over to the Philippine government in 1971 after 70 years of American control. The facility also played a crucial role during the Vietnam war.
The island was the site of costly battles during world war II between the Japanese Imperial Army and the American forces along with a small contingent of Philippine Scout Army headed by Gen. Douglas McArthur.
These are but some of the interesting historical facts of the province of Cavite. There are many more that can be told of. Hope you have enjoyed this.
Images courtesy of Wikipedia, Flicker, Yahoo Images. Other source of information: The Cavite City Library and Museum.