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Changes and Continuities of the Pacific World From 1450 – 1750

About the changes and continuities of the countries that traded from 1450 – 1750 in the Pacific Ocean.

As the world expanded their maritime exploration social and economic changes and continuities became relevant between Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas between 1492 and 1750. Europe went to Africa and the Americas to find new lands and possibly a route to India. This ended up causing transformations in these countries socially by taking people as slaves or indentured servants from each of the lands and moving them to another but still leaving some native people in each land, economically by improving the economies of each of the countries by making them both larger and mire diverse.

When the Europeans found that they could colonize areas in other continents around the world they began to use the people there for forced labor, which caused a cultural transformation for the people in those continents. When they realized different types of slaves or indentured servants were better suited to work in different areas they began to move them around to other parts of the world. African slaves seemed to be the best type of slave because they were immune to diseases and their average life span was 7 years opposed to the 4 years an indentured servant spent in servitude. The Africans life styles were changed greatly by being moved around to different parts of the world. This most likely happened because when colonies began to need more free labor the Africans, Amerindians, and indentured servants were easy to come by and got the job done.

When the Europeans moved to colonize Africa and America they began to transform their economies by expanding them and increasing their diversity. As the Europeans brought their advanced technologies to these lands they were able to better mine and produce the raw resources that the native people weren’t able to get to. Of course the Europeans ended up taking all these resources back to the main land to better their own economy and they enslaved the people in the New World and in Africa to force labor out of them, but still the economies of all three continents were improved. Also the current economic theory of the time, Mercantilism, helped fuel the need for European countries to span out from Europe to improve their own wealth. This probably happened because the Europeans felt a need to improve their own economies and because they had already used the resources in their own land they had to branch out and find these sources elsewhere. It probably wasn’t planned but this did end up helping the economies of all the lands that were involved in this.

Even though many of the people were either forced or voluntarily left their homelands, still many natives stayed; this was a social continuity. In the America’s, the Europeans made sugarcane plantations and mining towns in South America; to make these industries work, they needed workers that were easy to use and the natives were already used to these lands so the Europeans founding a them to be very useful and they kept many of them in their homeland. In Africa basically the same thing happened because the Europeans used them to mine gold and silver for them in their mines too. And in Europe many people were not willing to take the dangerous voyages to different parts of the world so they stayed in their own country. This probably happened because it would take too long or it would be too expensive to get African slaves or Indentured servants into some parts of the New World and Africa, so they just used the easily accessible people that were already living there instead.

As Europe expanded its maritime exploration, it caused many social and economic changes in Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas, but at the same time many things stayed the same time.

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