The Industrial Revolution (1760-1851) can be defined as the period where major transformations of European agricultural, technological, and manufacturing and production capabilities had a significant impact of the social, economical and political landscape of Europe. This is an in depth analysis of these impacts and how it transformed European and eventually, the world cultural and social values.
The Industrial Revolution (1760-1851) can be defined as the period where major transformations of European agricultural, technological, and manufacturing and production capabilities had a significant impact of the social, economical and political landscape of Europe. The Industrial Revolution was caused in part due to the availability of more reliable food sources (Columbian exchange), early marriages, higher birth rates, and resistance of various diseases and led to the Economic Revolution that gripped England and the transformation of the industries of Europe. This in turn helped bring about significant social and political changes in Europe as new economic ideologies and political responses emerged.
The Industrial Revolution thus is a direct result of all the events that stemmed from the discovery of the new world. This includes the agricultural revolution, a result of Columbian Exchange that led to higher population growth in Europe as well as the Price Revolution and Enlightenment principles of reason and the Scientific Revolution. The Agricultural Revolution also led the farmers to become more productive and the landowners to become protective of their properties through the fencing off the land that were recently public property. This led to more people migrating to societies and through the abundant supplies of food, led to the specialization of labor in these cities. The rapid population in Europe also meant that the demand for good were increasing, thus the need to increase production grew that resulted in more craftsmen being involved in the production lines and the creation of the putting-out system. In Britain, the increased the increased population growth, economic growth, peaceful conditions and the existence of a strong merchant mariner class helped to boost stresses to increase production and spark the industrial revolution. In hand with the population growth, Britain became a center for strong mining and iron and metal industrial complexes and in return put more stresses on the environment. Deforestation in England became a huge problem as timber was used in making and heating homes, in the furnaces of metal and brick workers and in various other areas of life. However the mercantile system helped to alleviate some of the need for raw materials in Britain and Europe, but in resulted in vast environmental damage in the New World as mass deforestation, mining and harmful agricultural practices that depleted the soil such as cash cropping was practiced. Nevertheless, some revolutions within the Iron Industry helped to reduce deforestation. The coke and puddling innovations in Europe helped metal workers to output more Iron at cheaper prices even though the price of charcoal was high, the timber was rare and pricey and the need for more skilled labor was pressing the industry.