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Early Discoveries of Cells

A brief story of the early discoveries of Cells.

Cells was first observed by Robert Hooke in the year 1665. He examined a thin of slice of cork under the microscope. As Hooke examined the cork, he noticed that it was composed of many tiny compartments as it resembled little rooms with surrounding walls. He named the compartment as cells.

Robert Hooke

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In the year 1674, a Dutch inventor, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek was able to observed red blood cells, sperms, and myriad of single-celled organisms in pond water. He also discovered free cells and observe the nucleus within some of the red blood cells.

Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek

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In 1831, a Scottish botanist/scientist Robert Brown made a general conclusion. He was able to discover nucleus and he theorized that the nucleus that he discovered is the fundamental and constant component of a cell.

Robert Brown

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A French biologist Felix Dujardin made a contribution in 1835 when he found out that the living cells contain an internal substance. He did not exactly know what this substance was. he named this as sarcode.

Finally, Jan Evangelista Purkinje made a thorough investigation with this substance (sarcode) and he gave it the name protoplasm, the name called for the colloidal substance in the cell.

Jan Evangelista Purkinje

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