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French and Indian War Analysis of Dbq

2004 AP United States History DBQ analysis. In what ways did the French and Indian War (1754-63) alter the political,
economic and ideological relations between Britain and its American colonies?

In what ways did the French and Indian War (1754-63) alter the political,

economic and ideological relations between Britain and its American colonies?


- suddenly the Parliament is much more interested in the colonies not just from the

economic standpoint: calling colonists to fight in the war, paying off debts later


- Salutary Neglect is no longer working, in fact it is quite the opposite, the

Parliament is suddenly intent on pulling the American colonies under it’s rulings

- Imposing taxes: Intolerable Acts

- as much as they had ignored Parliament before, they colonists realized that

something had to be done, therefore a meeting for all the colonies, though it

wasn’t very successful, but it was a start of a new political system


- before the colonists had relied on English good that they themselves could not

produce, or could not produce enough of

- after the intolerable acts were passed, they began to boycott things like the tea

- Britain in economic decline from debt, wanted economic boost of the colonies


- Colonists are angry of the Parliament rulings: taxation without virtual


- Beliefs of the other country:

- British thought the Americans were idiots and didn’t understand anything

- Colonists thought the British were barbarians

- Pulling them apart, dissention

- Americans were rather proud of the part of defeating the French, but became

rather miffed when the reward was made of taxes

Thesis: After the French and Indian War

Politically, seemed like Britain and the colonies drew closer together (working under the

laws of Parliament) but because of the taxes implemented, the gap only widened

Economically, both economies were going down, Britain dragging the colonies down

with it.

Ideological, the ideas of the opposite land mass grew negative, and there was strife and

conflict due to different ways of thought

Outline: (expand if needed)


Britain struggled to deal with debts accumulated from the war and the economy

was faltering, so they began to tax the colonies, who boycotted, strain between economies


Parliament started to care more for the colonies, for monetary interests only,

particular passing of the Stamp Act. and the colonies were annoyed. Creation of

Committee of Correspondence, beginnings of a new government.


The ideas of the British and Americans dormant for some time suddenly were

revived from the close interaction of soldiers on both sides of the ocean working together.

Suddenly, the accumulated differences over the years are in sharp and striking contrast to

each other.

Document A

Two maps, before 1754 and after 1763

Want to map out the new parts of the Empire

French are almost completely kicked out of North America

Spain also gains more land

New land for colonists, more exploration and expansion, French threat nullified

Document B

Speech from Indian chief to representatives of Maryland, Pennsylvania and Virginia

Reprimanding them for not stopping westward expansion onto their lands

Expansion has probably spread rapidly, even though this is before the actual French and

Indian war

Coveting land, Indians annoyed, sign they probably won’t help the English side

Document C

Washington to another general

Letter getting into the commanding position at the beginning of the war

“…desire I may have to serve (with my best abilities) my King and Country

Document D

Diary of Massachusetts solider

Commenting on the treatment by officers and how they are also Englishmen but do not

have to same rights

Change in perspective toward the British

Doesn’t seem to want to be there

Document E

Sermon by Reverend

Document F

Report to the king

Reveals that the taxation of the colonies has not been alleviating the debt incurred during

the war

Afraid that there has also been fraud and stealing, also lodging the soldiers in America

isn’t helping

The King might just being taxing the colonies out of spite? Surely there are better ways to

gain revenue

Document G

Franklin to Hughs 1765

Attempting to repeal the Stamp Act, not sure of success but until then, remain loyal to the


Planning something, which will make them unpopular for a while, but they will pull


Beginnings of rebellion against Britain

Document H

Newspaper 1765

Basically saying that the newspaper costs so much with the Stamp Tax that it is leaving

them moneyless even to pay for the newspaper which was central to colonial life

How the Stamp Act affected the colonies so adversely that even newspapers were closing

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