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Inca and Aztecs

Comparating the Inca and Aztec empires.

Both the Inca’s and the Aztec’s had similarities linking to their military and religion, and differences concerning their religion again, and their political structure.

The Inca and Aztec people had similarities between them with their military tactics and land expansions, and their religion. For example, the sun was a very important part of both of their religions. For the Inca, the sun was their most important god in their religion. For the Aztecs, the sun was one of two of their most important gods. The sun was very important in both empires, was because the sun is related to many things in nature. The sun is needed for agriculture because it makes plants grow, which in turn lets animals live by feeding off of plants, and the humans live by using the plants for medicine, and other things. Another example of how the two empires were similar is their military tactics and expansions.

Both empires’ rulers, when selected to rule, had a major job to do as soon as they stepped into power. The rulers had to take over new territory and maintain it when they became a ruler. The Aztecs, when their ruler was selected, forced him to take control of the military and lead many military conquests to control new lands, and the new ruler demonstrated his power by how much land was overtaken. The Inca rulers, when selected also had to take over new lands to expand the empire, and to do so they captured the lands’ ruler and forced their heir to live in the royal palace in Cuzco, and then they took over the rest of the land. Both empires needed to expand their empires, and did so by taking over new land when new rulers stepped in. Once their ruler hasn’t conquered any new land recently, both empires selected new rulers to expand their empire. Hence, both the Incas, and the Aztecs were similar in ways relating to their military tactics, and their religions.

In contrast with the similarities between the Inca and Aztec empires, there were differences between them as well involving their religions once again, and their political structure. For instance, even though both empires used sacrifice of people they conquered, the Aztecs used sacrifice on a much larger scale than the Incas. The Aztecs did not only sacrifice people when they conquered them, but they sacrificed people everyday, for religious purposes. They worshiped Huitzilopochtli (hummingbird god) and they made sacrifices everyday to him/her. The Incas on the other hand although they used sacrifice humans, animals, textiles, and other goods used it on a much lesser note, only primarily by the ruler, and it was to show the people that the ruler was a descendant of the sun god.

The sacrifices of textiles, animals and other goods could show the wealth of the ruler, as well as what possibly the god may bring to its people one day. Another difference between both empires was their political structure. Although both empires started out using a clan-based system of government, the Aztecs slowly faded away from using that. After some Spanish wars with the Aztecs, they decided to start using the authority of a ruler and aristocracy, and they had less authority from kinship clans. The Inca had multiple hereditary chiefs to control their empire, and they elected these chiefs by the voting of the ayllus. The Aztecs might have started using a ruler and aristocracy because the wars with the Spanish were too much to handle for the kinship clans, and the Inca seemed to have a great empire with their multiple hereditary rulers. Hence, both the Inca and the Aztec empires were different in ways connecting to their religion, and their political structure.

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User Comments
  1. BOB

    On April 30, 2009 at 4:32 pm

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  2. ROB

    On April 30, 2009 at 4:33 pm

    whoa BOB nice way to think….sick-o

  3. SNOB

    On May 7, 2009 at 10:20 pm

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  4. Man

    On October 15, 2009 at 10:19 pm

    Need more diferences and similarities please

  5. chickidee

    On November 9, 2009 at 5:47 am

    all of you except man are asking dumb things…………….. i need more differences

  6. lamo

    On January 6, 2010 at 11:56 pm

    what about politics

  7. ana

    On January 23, 2010 at 7:03 pm

    i think its fine. if ur going to rite about similarities and differences between the aztecs and Incas – u don’t have to mention every single similarity and difference

  8. Reigan

    On June 6, 2010 at 11:21 am

    I thought it was OK! Although I did find what i was looking for. i just wish their was more info about Incas and Aztecs

  9. Re!g@n

    On June 7, 2010 at 10:11 pm

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  10. Elijah

    On June 8, 2010 at 12:12 pm

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  11. hi

    On October 7, 2010 at 12:44 pm



    On October 13, 2010 at 1:13 pm

    This is a good article, and I got was I was looking for.

    Thank you.

  13. Help Help Help

    On February 9, 2011 at 4:18 pm

    if u supposedly to right a 1paragraph conclusion, on comparing and contrasting the two civilization how would u put it? please help and thank you

  14. Help Help Help

    On February 9, 2011 at 4:18 pm

    if u supposedly to right a 1paragraph conclusion, on comparing and contrasting the two civilization how would u put it? please help and thank you

  15. Help!

    On February 9, 2011 at 4:20 pm

    if u supposedly to right a 1paragraph conclusion, on comparing and contrasting the two civilization how would u put it? please help and thank you

  16. angiee

    On September 19, 2011 at 7:53 pm

    not everything i needed :P

  17. linzieee

    On September 19, 2011 at 8:23 pm

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