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July Ephemeris U.s. History

Declaration of Independence, the moon landing and historical landmarks.

Buzz Aldrin, the second man on the moon.

July 1

In 1863 began in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, the battle of the same name, one of the most important in the Civil War. After three days of fierce fighting, the Confederates lost the battle, which meant the withdrawal of northern rebel troops under General Robert E. Lee.

July 2

In 1881 there is an attack on President Garfield , who later died of his wounds from the shooting. He thus became the second president to be assassinated after Abraham Lincoln.

July 3

In 1775, George Washington took over as commander of the Continental Army at the beginning of the War of Independence.

July 4

In 1776, the thirteen colonies declare independence from England and began their history as a nation. were born the United States of America .

July 5

In 1950 he produced the first U.S. casualty of the Korean War, one of the most emblematic of the Cold War .

July 6

In 1946, George W. was born Bush, who was the 43rd president of the United States. His father, GHW Bush was the number 41.

July 7

In 1976 for the first time allowed women to enlist in the military academy at West Point.

July 8

The Liberty Bell in Philadelphia, chimes calling citizens to attend the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence, which was four days. The reading public had to wait to get a copy of the same.

July 9

In 1846 and during the war between Mexico and the United States Navy Captain John Montgomery takes the small port of Yerba Buena, without resistance raising the American flag in the center of the town square. The following year the U.S. would give a new name that is known today: San Francisco.

July 10

In 1925 begins the famous Monkey Trial in Tennessee that was a real sense at the time. The teacher John Scopes was accused of teaching the theory of evolution in violation of state law. Declarazo Scopes was convicted and sentenced to pay a fine of $ 100. It was not until 1968 when the Supreme Court declared such laws unconstitutional on the grounds that they violated the First Amendment of the Constitution.

July 11

In 1804, U.S. Vice President Aaron Burr shot and killed during a duel with Alexander Hamilton, a political enemy and one of the principal authors of the Federalist Papers .

July 12

In 1957 Dwight Eisenhower became the first U.S. president to fly by helicopter. During his presidency adopted this mode of transport for short trips from the White House to Camp David or his property in Gettisburg.

Since then every president has used helicopters, which are called Marine One

July 13

In 1960 John F. Kennedy won the nomination by the Democratic Party to run for the 1960 elections, he won against Richard Nixon in one of the most contested presidential elections in history.

July 14

A new technological gadget is baptized: MP3, end up revolutionizing the world of music.

July 15

In 1903 the Ford Motor received its first order. A Chicago dentist commissioned a Model A for which he paid $ 850. He received his car just a week later.

July 16

In 1945 he successfully tested for the first time an atomic bomb. The place was Alamogordo, New Mexico. A month later he would throw two bombs on Japan.

July 17

In 1955 Disneyland opened in Anaheim, California. Currently about 14 million visitors visit the theme park each year.

July 18

In 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for the third time to the presidency of the United States. FDR, the president of the Great Depression and the New Deal , is the only president to have won four times. Today would not be possible because legally not allowed more than two terms.

July 19

In 1848 started the first Seneca Falls convention in the United States in defense of the rights of women.

July 20

In 1969 Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first people to walk on the moon.

July 21

In 1965 LB Johnson begins a series of consultations on what to do in the Vietnam War . The story is well known and lead to an increase of troops in that country in Southeast Asia, coming at a time to exceed half a million the number of soldiers stationed there.

July 22

In 1862 President Abraham Lincoln informed his cabinet proclaim intend the emancipation of the slaves, but qualifies that wait until the position militarily consolidating Union Army.

July 23

In 1884, Vanessa Williams, the first African-American Miss America, also becomes the first to give up his title. The reason, some pictures of her naked Playboy held.

July 24

In 1847 the Mormons sits around Salt Lake in what is now the state of Utah.

July 25

In 1898 and during the war between the U.S. and Spain, the Americans started the invasion of Puerto Rico.

July 26

In 1908 he founded the FBI.

July 27

In 1996, a bomb explodes during a concert at Centennial Olympic Park during the celebration of the Summer Olympics in Atlanta. Two people were killed and over a hundred injured.

July 28

In 1868 approving the 14th Amendment to the Constitution, guaranteeing African Americans full rights and protections derived U.S. citizenship.

July 29

In 1958, NASA created.

July 30

In 1974, the Watergate scandal reached its peak.

July 31

In 1975 the unionist Jimmy Hoffa disappears, one of the most influential in American history. This is still an unsolved mystery but there have been conspiracy theories to suit all tastes.

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