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King Menes of Egypt

An essay abuot King Menes of Egypt and why he was the most influential.

Menes

Throughout Egyptian history, there have been numerous Pharaohs. Although opinions on their reigns vary from historian to historian, there are certain Pharaohs that have been generally accepted as very influential and important to Egyptian history and culture. These influential Pharaohs either had a positive or a negative impact on Egypt, although what they personally impacted in Egyptian history varies. King Menes was the king of Upper Egypt who became the Pharaoh that united Upper and Lower Egypt, established a central capital, and started interaction with foreign lands. Because of these reason, Menes, the unifier of upper and lower Egypt, was definitely the most influential and prominent Pharaoh in Egyptian history.

Throughout his rule, Menes accomplished various things, the most important being that of uniting Upper and Lower Egypt. This unification took place around 3050 B.C. and changed Egypt’s history forever. The two kingdoms had been separate for hundreds of years and could never fully settle their differences, until Menes came along. Before the Kingdoms were united, Egypt could never fully function, as various people vied for power. Without a central government, Egypt would be very prone to invasion and would soon succumb to other lands. Luckily, King Menes effectively united Upper and Lower Egypt either by forceful means of conquering or with tactical and peaceful means like intermarriages and administrative measures. Once King Menes had united the lands of Upper and Lower Egypt, he set his mind to fully uniting the people of Upper and Lower Egypt. The major factors that contributed to this mental unification were the single religion, the new crown, and establishing the capital at a central location, namely White Wall (Memphis). To keep the lands of Egypt as well the people unified, King Menes made sure that everyone knew that Upper and Lower Egypt were equal. He combined the red crown of Lower Egypt and the white crown of Upper Egypt to create one crown that signified the two lands as united. He also moved the government to a much more central place, namely Memphis, to show that the government favored neither Upper nor Lower Egypt. He used religion to bring the people together and established temples throughout the land so that everyone could worship the Gods. One of his most famous temples was established at another city he built, Crocodopolis where he established a place of worship for the God Ptah who was believed to have brought the world into being.

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