The Mogul Emperor Akbar was hailed as great for his religious tolerance, farsightedness and for the establishment of Hindu Muslim unity in his empire.
Among the hundreds of Muslim rulers that we come across in the annals of Medieval Indian History, his name stands out; it is so enchanting; it is shining as an undiminished glittering star; it is evoking the instant admiration of the people of all ages; above all his name has left an indelible impression in the history of India. He was none other than the Mogul Emperor ‘Akbar, the great
You may be quite inquisitive to know, whether he was a superhuman personality and what was special about him.
He was born in the most bizarre circumstances at Amarkot, when his father Humayun was in exile, having been dethroned as emperor and driven away from Delhi, by a more powerful ruler, Shersha Sur.
Akbar’s father Humayun was such a weakling, known for his physical weakness; in fact Humayun died because of a serious injury that he sustained when he fell down from the wooden staircase of his palace. Hence, naturally his son Akbar was also not physically a strong personality.
However, when Humayun died, Akbar had to ascend the throne at the age of 15.Akbar, being a minor, his uncle Bairam Khan became his guardian and the defacto ruler of his empire as well.However, within a year or two, having got disillusioned with the approach of his uncle in ruling his empire, Akbar dethroned him from power and took the reigns of his empire under his control.
Even though Akbar ascended the throne at a very young age, very soon he grasped the problems of his empire. Having toured his empire far and wide, Akbar was quick to find out that his empire had both the Hindus and Muslims considerably. He came to the conclusion that for the establishment of peace and unity in his empire, they should live peacefully and there should be cordial relationship between them.
Hence Akbar, as the emperor, took a series of steps in his empire to win over the Hindus by taking the following steps with a farsightedness:-
Abolition of Jizya:
He abolished the Jizya, a poll tax hitherto levied from the Hindus, for the simple reason that they were Hindus.By levying this poll tax, Akbar’s predecessors actually tried to convert many Hindus into Muslims.In fact for fear of paying a heavy poll tax, many Hindus became bread and butter Muslims.Akbar was quick to realize levying the Jizya means indirect or forcible conversion of the Hindus into Muslims.The abolition of Jizya, not only eased the economic burden of the Hindus but also they began to extend their support and repose confidence in their emperor Akbar and in the Mogul rule.