Dissident Archbishop of Canterbury.
Robert Winchelsey’s exact date of birth is not known.
Winchelsey had a very successful career in the English church culminating in his appointment as Archbishop of Canterbury. Edward I and the Pope, Boniface VIII both agreed to his appointment in 1294.
However the Vatican would prove to be more content with his actions as archbishop than Edward I. The later was in constant need for money for his campaigns in Scotland (and prior to that in Wales).
Such was Winchelsey’s opposition to the king’s demand for taxes in 1296 and 1301 that Edward forced him into exile five years later. That exile ended under Edward II but he disliked Winchelsey as much as his father did. He passed away in 1313.
Gardiner J & Wenborn N (1995) The History Today Companion to British History