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The Fall of The Roman and Han Empires

During the fall of the Roman and Han Empires, there were similarities with regards to political corruption and instability and the ways the empires split, yet there were differences as to what caused the social and economic problems such as a series of revolts and plagues.

A main factor that contributed to the fall of the Roman and Han empires was political corruption and instability. Towards the end of both empires, Rome had Barrack emperors and the Han had their own corrupt rulers. The Barrack emperors all died trying to become official emperors of Rome while the rulers from the Han empire were “back stabbers” and fought amongst each other for more control and political power. With both empires, there was also the problem of unequal distribution of wealth. There were huge gaps between the rich and poor social classes which eventually led to rebellions. So, because of these political problems, these were the reasons why governments fell apart and collapsed and new forms of governments were formed along with new rulers whom the people would have more trust in.

Another key factor that contributed to the fall of the Roman and Han empires was how both split up into different regions. In the Roman empire, an emperor named Diocletian split the empire into two halves, the western Roman empire and the Byzantine empire to the east. The same happened during the Han dynasty. After a huge rebellion, generals took over different parts of the empire and split them up causing a weakening in the Han empires strength and stability. Around both of the Roman and Han empires lived barbaric tribes that constantly posed as threats to the empires. An invasion by the Huns of the Western Roman empire destroyed it and it was divided amongst different groups which led to the establishment of future countries such as France, England, and even Spain. Change in religion was also another factor that contributed to the fall of the empires. Because of the splitting of these empires, new religions got their chances to unveil themselves to the public. These religions included Christianity in Rome and Buddhism in The Han. The dividing of the empires made them weaker, while creating chaos and confusion and giving barbaric tribes the chance to strike.

Some other causes that contributed to the fall of the Roman and Han empires were the different social and economic problems such as a series of revolts and plagues. These devastating plagues killed many people; and along with low birth rates caused the decline in the Roman population. This decline was one of the main reasons for the fall of the Roman empire. During this time, the Han empire was also going through tough times. Many peasant revolts occurred because of the social inequalities at the time. These revolts overthrew the government and caused a massive split. Problems like these were likely factors that caused many other future empires to collapse.

In conclusion, during the fall of empires such as the Roman and the Han, there were similarities with regards to political instability and corruption and the ways the empires split. There were also differences as to what caused social and economic problems such as revolts and plagues. Both empires fell because of the same problems such as corrupt emperors, social inequalities, splitting of empires, and barbaric invasions. Some different ways these empires fell were by a series of plagues and low birth rates in Rome and revolts in the Han.
 

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