According to tradition, Menes conquered Lower Egypt after he became king of Upper Egypt.
According to tradition, Menes conquered Lower Egypt after he became king of Upper Egypt. His first wife, Berenib, became queen. Berenib, however, was not the mother of Djer, Menes’s son who succeeded him as king. Djer was the child of Neithotepe.
The kingdom expanded because of Menes’s successful conquest of the Nubians. His reign lasted for 62 years, and ended only after his death.
There are a lot of speculations on how Menes died. Some say he was killed by a hippopotamus, others say he was killed by wild dogs. Both animals were hunted by the Egyptian nobility as a form of sport. Still, there are those who believe Menes was devoured by a crocodile in the Nile river.
Because Djer was too you to rule, Neithotepe ruled in his stead when Menes died. That was how the first dynasty of Egypt began.
All in all, ancient Egypt was ruled by 31 consecutive dynasties. Before the pharaohs started building primitive pyramids during the third dynasty, pharaohs were buried in structures called Mastaba.