This is a great essay on the Korean War, and all of the events that occurred during this disastrous period in history.
The Korean War lasted just over three years, beginning in 1950 and ending in 1953. There were many conflicting ideas which led to the beginning of this devastating war. Many countries were involved directly such as North Korea, the Soviet Union, China, South Korea, and the U.S. When the United Nations became involved, almost every country in the world played its part in the Korean War in some way throughout that period. The Korean War made a huge impact on the world, international relations and there were many outcomes.
There were many conflicting ideas which led to this disastrous period in history. When Japan collapsed after World War 2 (1945), Korea was left un-administered and “the Soviet Union and the U.S agreed that Korea would not be ready for self-rule after the Japanese were removed.” And so it was proposed that Korea would be divided at the 38thparallel; “with the Soviet Union in the north and the United States in the south” until they thought that the Koreans were ready to regain their independence. “At first, neither the Soviet Union nor the United States intended to divide Korea in half” permanently; but because the Soviet Union were communist and the United States were a “capitalist democracy,” there were huge differences in ideas about which government would be best to unite Korea with. The dividing of Korea was a major issue which led to the Korean War.
In 1947, President Truman (of the United States) declared the “Truman Doctrine” “which committed the United States to halting the spread of communism worldwide.” This caused the Soviet Union and the United States to become open enemies by 1949. This was the beginning of the Cold War.
In 1948, Soviet forces withdrew from Korea and left Kim (2) Sung as president. North Korea then became an independent country called the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK.) Syngman Rhee was appointed president of an independent South Korea called the Republic of Korea (ROK.) Early 1949, both forces on either side of the 38th parallel began testing the others defences. Both Kim (2) Sung and Syngman Rhee wanted to launch a full scale invasion over the 38th parallel, confident that he would win in victory and become the ruler of a unified Korea. Neither the Soviet Union nor the United States gave permission for them to do so.
Boththe Soviet Union and the United States did not want to go to war against each other. They realised this would lead to a Third World War as they were equal in top power and both had atomic bombs. By 1949 over in China, the Chinese Communist Party (lead by Mao Zedong) had defeated the Nationalist forces of Chiang Kai-Shek. In February 1950, Mao Zedong signed an alliance with the Soviet Union. This also made a large impact on the starting of the Korean War, as it gave North Korea the opportunity to invade South Korea (and make an attempt to spread communism and unite Korea) without the Soviet Union having to intervene.