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Who Was The God Khepri of Ancient Egypt?

This god was associated with the scarab or the dung beetle. He was also one of the most famous insect gods.

According to many theories, the Egyptians observed the scarab beetle rolling the dung ball and pushing it along the ground to its burrows, and they made a connection with the sun. The Egyptians thought that the movement of the sun across the sky and the movement of the dung ball pushed by the beetle were the same thing. In other words, they thought that the Khepri pushed the sun across the sky (rather than the sun traveling on a boat theory) Khepri was always pushing the sun ahead of him and every night, the god Khepri would push the sun into the underworld, and every morning the sun would be ready to travel across the sky again.

Facts About Khepri:

The word “Kheper” means to emerge. 

No temple was ever built to honor Khepri or maybe it hasn’t been discovered. Many Egyptologist think that the majority of Egyptian temples (if not all temples) had a statue of the God Khepri inside them. Khepri was most of the time a scarab beetle but often times appears as a man with the head of a scarab. There are numerous of pictures of Khepri pushing the sun before him painted inside tombs.

He was associated with Atum (the creator god) because the Egyptians believed that the young scarabs emerged from the burrow as if they were self-created like their God Atum.

He is even mentioned in The Book of the Dead. Scarab amulets were placed over the heart of the deceased after or during the mummification rituals. The heart scarabs were meant to be weighed against one of the feathers of the goddess Ma at (the goddess of truth) during the final judgment. This is what they are referring to when they talk about the weighing of the heart in The Book of the Dead. 


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