A World War II DBQ.
America experienced a huge change when the U.S went into WWII. 1942 was when all the changes started to take place and that was when the U.S joined the war. The war actually started in 1939. American homes and families were one of the groups that were mostly affected. They experienced many difficulties when it was war time including rations, recycling of many scrap objects, deaths, and the relocation of the Japanese-Americans. WWII was truly a tough time for America.
Women were also affected in ways even though it was the men who had to go to war.(Document 1) Since many men left for war, the question was, who were going to replace the men’s jobs and positions? The answer was the womens. They were required to do jobs that men usually did like work in factories, offices and other jobs. In addition of taking over the men’s jobs, they had to do their original chores like taking care of children, cleaning the house and cooking meals. A women’s life sure changed during the war because she had to work twice the hours she already was working. Families also got ration tickets. The rationing system was implemented during WWII because items such as gasoline was needed to fuel the tanks and other machineries.(Document 2) Food was also rationed because the soldiers in war needed food. There were about 16 million soldiers that needed food so rationing was a necessity.
Rationing saved a lot of supplies but that wasn’t enough to satisfy the demand of supplies. Further actions were taken by the government. Citizens of the U.S and mainly children were encouraged to collect scrap pieces of rubber, metals and other materials for the sole purpose of building new machinery to use in the war.(Document 3) German U-ships were taking down our ships faster than we can rebuild them so to win the war, more supplies were needed to build new ships and other weapons and vehicles. Trucks would come around and collect all the materials on certain dates. But, rationing and even the collection of materials weren’t able to satisfy the demand of supplies. The government tried to encourage families to grow their own food.(Document 4) This way, the government would have more food for the soldiers and families would save money. The government put up posters encouraging this by telling families that they would save money and have lots of surplus food for the winter.
The Japanese-Americans were also a group that were deeply affected. General John Dewitt had convinced the president that the Japanese could be spies for the opposing nation, Japan. General Dewitt explained that the American-Japanese could sabotage or espionage the government. So the president has ordered that all of Japanese decent to be relocated to internment camps. (Document 5) This action has led to a case called the Korematsu Case. The case was about a 22 year old man who had resisted the relocation of all the Japanese-Americans. Korematsu was soon caught and arrested. The American Civil Liberties Union convinced Korematsu to appeal his case. Korematsu had lost in the end but his lawyers had put up great arguments against why relocating all the Japanese-Americans was wrong. Families suffered many losses but the worst of them was for a family member to die. Many families lost their loved ones when they got killed in war. 405,400 soldiers of the U.S got killed and most of them must have had a family to take care of. (Document 6)
Overall, the U.S had been affected in many ways and many of them being on the American life at home. Life at home never had been so different with all the rationing and new jobs.