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Who is Cupid?

Ever wondered just who Cupid really is?

What would Valentines Day be without Cupid? But what do we know about him? Cupid is the symbol of love, of romance. Just who is this Cupid?

Roman mythology says he’s a god of love and erotic sex. He is the son of Eros in Greek mythology. There are many different idea’s to his parentage. Cicero tells of three different lineages. Cupid is the son of Mercury and Diana, he is the son of Mercury and Venus, and he is the son of Mars and Venus. Plato tells of these in his Hesiod’s Theogony , the ancient Greek theography. In that it speaks of Cupid being created coevally with sex, chaos and the earth.

In all of the mythological writings, there is either two Cupid’s or two sides of Cupid. One is the son of Zeus ( Jupiter.) and Venus, and the other is that he is the son of Nyx and Erebus and known for riotous debauchery. Cupid’s following is nearly that of Venus, with him being as highly worshiped as she was.

Also it is said that Cupid’s power was greater than hers over the dead in Hades and the creatures of the sea and Olympus.

Art and Literature

Cupid is usually portrayed nude, as a little winged boy with a bow and arrows. The traditional Christian cherub is based on Cupid. He is also many times shown with his mother, Venus, playing a horn, or wearing a helmet and carrying a bucket, maybe in reference to Virgil’s Omnia vincit amor as political satire on wars of love.

Cupid also is in ariel poetry, lyrics and elgiac and metamorphic poetry. In later literature, Cupid is frequently invoked as fickle, playful, and perverse. He is often depicted as carrying two sets of arrows: one set gold-headed, which inspire love; and the other lead-headed, which inspire hatred. The best-known story involving Cupid is the tale of Cupid and Psyche.

Holiday Figure

Cupid is a holiday figure that normally represents Valentines Day and the feelings of love. Cupid in this usage is not tied to any religion, and is not thought of as a god.

Most representations of Cupid include a baby with wings and a bow and arrow. Sometimes the arrow has a heart for its tip. Cupid is most often seen nude or having a diaper. Cupid is sometimes blindfolded, symbolizing the figure of speech “love is blind.”

Humorous interpretations may feature an obviously grown man but keeping the other traditional elements including the diaper. It is said that if Cupid’s arrow hits you, you will fall hopelessly and madly in love with the next person you meet.

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