Yadnya Kasada (Kasodo) is ceremony to present sacrifice into crater of Bromo Mount. It’s the strong tradition that obeyed by Tengger tribe.
Tengger tribe always commits Yadnya Kasada (Kasodo) ceremony every year. Exactly at night of 14th of Kasada month according to Javanese calendar. From 12am until morning. Kasodo ceremony has strong connection with origin of Tengger tribe. The legend of Roro Anteng-Joko Seger.
The Tengger is an ethnic group that lives around of Bromo mount, East Java. They are descendant from Roro Anteng (Princess of Majapahit kingdom) and Joko Seger. Word ‘tengger’ is from acronym of words ‘roro anteng’ and ‘joko seger’.
At the end of Majapahit era, Roro Anteng and Joko Seger moved to slope of Bromo mount. After years, they had not had child. Then they went to the top of Bromo and meditated. While they were meditating, a strange voice appeared. The strange voice said that Roro Anteng and Joko Seger would get children provided that they had to sacrifice their youngest child. And they answered that they ready to fulfill the requirement.
After they had 25 children, they broke their promise. They didn’t want to sacrifice their youngest child because of love. Then disaster happened. Fire out from crater of Bromo mount and their youngest child, Kusuma lost. Suddenly from crater of Bromo mount was heard Kusuma’s voice. He asked his family in order live with peace and harmony. He also asked his family to present sacrifice into crater of Bromo mount.
Kasodo ceremony always starts in slope of Bromo mount at 12 am. There is an inauguration of Dukun (medicine man). Dukun is figure that lead traditional ceremonies at Tengger tribe. The Tengger is very obedient to commit their tradition. On the ceremony there is dance show about story of Roro Anteng-Joko Seger. The show is performed in open stage.
After ritual blessing at Pura Luhur Poten, The Tengger brings sesaji (sacrifice) to the top of Bromo mount. Sesaji contains harvest and livestocks that must be thrown into Bromo crater. Throwing sesaji is form of fulfillment of vow to Kusuma to give sacrifice to Bromo mount. A form of thankfulness because of welfare they got. It also form of The Tengger’s hope in order they get blessing and safe.
Kasodo ceremony is still exist until now.
(Images from Google)