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Psy/460 The Effects of Population Density and Noise Paper

Prepare a 1,400- to 1,650-word paper in which you analyze the effect of population density and noise on individuals. As a part of your analysis be sure to address the following items:

• Describe the concepts of territoriality, privacy, and personal space.
• Examine how the concepts of territoriality, privacy, and personal space have become increasingly important as populations become denser.
• Clarify the effect nature (e.g., zoos, parks, gardens) has on individuals living in urban environments.
• Describe the concept of noise and examine the effect that it has on individuals.
• Examine at least two strategies that can be used to reduce noise in the workplace or in the living environment.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Population density is becoming more of an issue as the world starts to grow. People have trouble with their privacy and personal space. Noise is also an issue with the world’s population growing at an accelerated rate. There are a few ways to reduce noise, switch it out with a different sound that is more pleasant to the ear or find ways to eliminate the sound such as weatherproofing windows.

Territoriality, Privacy, and Personal Space.

Proxemics is the term to define the distance in which people stand from one another. Different cultures will have different distances of personal space, as well as different people within the culture will have different distances of personal space, though most will follow suit.


            Territoriality is a form of non-verbal communication that is typically used between animals when protecting their territory. Territoriality is used with personality space or an individual’s ‘bubble’.  People also experience territoriality, and the size of each person’s territoriality depends on the individual and the culture. Some cultures value closeness and as such the people tend to get very intimate with one another. Other cultures, primarily of the Western branch, value privacy and personal space over intimacy with people who are not family.


Privacy can mean different things to different people and different cultures. At its most basic is can be defined as the unwanted intrusion into one’s personal space. Other times privacy might mean a person wishing to remind out of the public eye, to remain anonymous. Privacy is mainly a term used in Western countries. There are countries and cultures where privacy is basically unheard of, though most cultures have an understanding of what privacy is.

Personal Space

Personal space is an area or ‘bubble’ surrounding a person in which other people should not violate physically in order for that individual to feel comfortable and secure with the certain situation. Personal space seems to take place within the almond shaped brain area called the amygdale. The amygdale is the part of the brain that tells a person how to feel about a certain situation. People have evolved with the notion if a person comes close he or she might attack and take whatever possessions that individual might have so the personal space bubble was created. The exact amount of personal space that is needed for each individual is subjective. In some cultures it is okay to be exceptionally close to one another and in other cultures people begin to get anxious when people come too close to violating their personal space bubble. In more urban areas people have begun to accept their personal space will get violated when they have to take public transit such as the subway to and from places.

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