Tips to learn Indonesian language easily.
As I told before that I will continue this subject about learning Bahasa Indonesia, I will introduce three section for you : Reading, Writing, Grammar. These subject actually very basic. Hopefully, helpful to understand Indonesian language.
Reading (Part One)
Kata ( Word).
Usually, words in Indonesian language consist of syllable which has consonant followed by vowel. We pronunciate word by looking their syllable, cut the word by looking the vowel after consonant.
Example : Makan (eat) = Ma + Kan . This word Makan, consist of ma and kan. M followed by a become ma, and K followed by a become Ka, and closed with n, become kan.
Kasir = Ka + sir ( Cashier)
Minta = Min + ta (ask, request)
So, to make it easier for you, just remember that every consonant in Bahasa Indonesia’s words should married with vowel.
There are exceptions for infix, like: ng and ny.
Exercise : Read a poetry, after that try to make analysis of all words in that poetry like examples I have given above.
Writing (Part One)
Capital letter for name (person) and the beginning of a sentence.
Marice ( name ), M should capital letter.
Menulis kalimat dengan lengkap. ( sentence, should with capital letter at the beginning)
Grammar (Part One)
Kata sifat ( adjective), Kata kerja ( verb), Kata benda ( noun)
Example : mencari (looking for ), membaca ( read), menulis ( write) = kata kerja
Paman (Uncle ), Sepeda motor ( motorcycle), gelas ( cup) = kata benda
Marah (angry), ramah ( friendly) = adjective.
Kata tanya ( Question words) :
Apa ( What), Mengapa (Why), Siapa ( Who), Dimana (Where), Kemana ( to where),Darimana ( from where) , Kapan (When), Bagaimana ( How).
Kata sambung ( conjunction) : dan (and), serta ( together with), meski ( although), namun, tetapi, (but) , hingga (until) , bagai (kind, type), sambil (while, at the same time)
Kata bantu bilangan ( Words which use to replace some standard of measurement)
Sebatang , sehelai, semangkok, secangkir, sepiring, etc.
These words with prefix “se” , means one. Batang, helai, mangkok, cangkir, piring, are measurement tools. Cangkir ( cup). So, when you say secangkir its means a cup of ( liquid, tea, coffe, etc).
Example : Saya meminum secangkir kopi ( I drunk a cup of coffee).