Women’s fashion changed very quickly during the later half of the last century. These are some of the women who made this happen.
Each of these fashion designers changed the modern fashion world with their unique creations and left a lasting impression on the world.
Gabrielle Bonheur “Coco” Chanel revolutionised the women’s fashion world. She was born in 1883 in Saumur, France. Her parents were poor and she received little in the way of education but she still became one of the most prominent and well known fashion gurus of the twentieth century. Her most famous creations are Chanel No. 5 perfume and the Chanel suit. Coco Chanel died in 1971 and is buried in a tomb surrounded by stone lions, in Lausanne, Switzerland.
The Chanel Suit
Mary Quant is the English fashion designer who invented hot pants and mini skirts. She started out with a designer fashion shop in Chelsea, London, in 1955. Her designs for skirts were becoming shorter from 1958 onwards and she saw the new length as being liberating for women, giving them more freedom of movement. The mini skirt was one of the main fashion items of the 1960’s. In the late 1960’s hot pants were launched. In the 1970’s she moved into cosmetics and textile design.
Mary Quant: Daywear
Vivienne Westwood is an English designer who is connected with modern punk and new-wave fashions. She is linked closely with the Sex Pistols and their London boutique. In 2003 the Wedgwood Pottery Company launched a new range featuring her designs.
The Sex Pistols and Vivienne Westwood’s London Boutique
Bonnie Cashin was born in 1908 in Fresno, California, USA. She is known for introducing designer ready to wear, or sportswear clothing to the mass market. Her designs were clean, uncomplicated designs with room for movement and they have made her on of the most important fashion designers of the 20th century. She is best known for the “Poncho” which she turned into a fashion item in the late sixties and early seventies.