A detail about concept and elements of state in Malaysia abd detail about states of malaysia.
The concept and elements of state in Malaysia
According to Robert A. Dahl,1983,the state is a one system of politic that was create by the people of the state.R.H.Saltao,1977-the concept of element is as a law or rules that have power to control their own people in the state. From the opinion of Robert A. Dahl and R. H. Saltao, we can conclude state concept has a defined territory, has a government, has a permanent population, have capacity to enter into relations with other states.
The first element is a permanent population. A state is an organization of human beings living together as a community. In Malaysia, we have two nationality, jus soli and jus sanguinis .Jus soli also known as a birth right citizenship, is a right by which nationality or citizenship can be recognized to any individual born in the territory of the related state. Jus sanguinis is a social policy by which citizenship is not determined by place of birth, but by having a parent who are citizens of the nation.
Second element is a defined territory. Territory is a geographical area that is owned and controlled by a government or country to exercise such state sovereignty. Therefore, territory clearly comprises and refers to land territory which belongs to state and individuals, internal waters and territorial sea which state claims for sovereignty, and the airspace above this territory. For Malaysia, it territory at North is within Thailand, Singapore(South),Indonesia(West and East),Brunei and Philippine(East)
Third element is government.Government is a executive branch of the state and has the role to administer the state uniformly in the political,social,use of natural resources,economic,culture,environmental,national defense and security protection and foreign affairs.Malaysia is a Federal State.In a modern politic,country around the world exist with a variety of ideology political thinking such as democracy,socialism,Communism and others.
The last element is sovereignty. Sovereignty is the quality of having supreme,independent authority over a territory.
Malaysia as a state
Malaysia is a harmony country. Malaysia has a variety of ethnic groups; Malay, Chinese , India, and others. Malaysia government type is a federal parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch.Malaysia is a Muslim country,but there are still a lot of non-government parties here that we Malaysians can vote for on elections.Beside that, Malaysia is free from earthquakes, volcano eruptions and tsunamis. Malaysia is a beautiful country and it’s diversity of culture and nature itself might not be the best in the world but is unique.
Malaysia was created on 16 September 1963 after it fulfil all the elements of the state. In Malaysia, we have two nationality, jus soli and jus sanguinis .Jus soli also known as a birth right citizenship, is a right by which nationality or citizenship can be recognized to any individual born in the territory of the related state. Jus sanguinis is a social policy by which citizenship is not determined by place of birth, but by having a parents who are citizens of the nation.Another nationality is subnasional citizenship.Subnasional citizenship is someone who has citizenship in multiple countries.Besides,supranasional citizenship is citizenship for a united country such as United Kingdom and Europe United.
Malaysia territory at North is within Thailand, Singapore(South),Indonesia(West and East),Brunei and Philippine(East).Territory very important to a state.without territory,a state can not be build.The existence of a state that was completely with a good system will build up a country.The existence can be exist in a variety ways such as in election people will vote for the party that they want to organize a country.
Sovereignty is the quality of having supreme,independent authority over a territory.A sovereignty county has a right to role a law and not need to take an order from other countries.As we can seen from world history,a lot of war happen because that was a party that not respect another country of sovereignty as example,Japan was attack Manchuria that was a part of China.
The understanding of our country history, appreciation and a spirit of nationalism and patriotism was a needed to attempt a nation of Malaysia.All people in this region is need to take a responsibilities to achieve the goal to make our county safe and harmony.