Voting behaviour – United Kingdom.
There seems to be a correlation between where a voter lives and the vote they cast. Northern England tends to back labour as they were the ones most affected by Margaret Thatcher’s negative policies toward menial workers as those areas used to be covered in mines. Similarly an increased backing for the conservatives can be found in southern England as that is an area of high earners who wish to keep their money and thus support conservative policies.
In the 2010 election, 44% of male and 34% of female upper/middle class voted for conservatives, as opposed to 23% male and 29% female labour votes among the upper/middle class.
Labour seem to have more support with menial or lower social class voters which tend to inhabit inner cities. Comparatively, conservative supporters tend to inhabit suburbs and country sides.
This of course can be exploited by drafting constituency lines as the governing party deems fit under FPTP.
Many voters miss their chance of casting a vote due to reasons such as a lack of academic success, low income or a prolonged status of unemployment. Race and gender inequality also tend to have a diminishing effect on voter turnout under FPTP as the system is not representational enough to ensure all citizens have a say, especially immigrants.
Lack of education in voting systems and distrust in the media have convinced voters that voting is not effective and would not improve their living standards. This may negatively impact votes cast for parties – such as the liberal democrats or labour – that support minorities or those brought up in poverty and low educational standards.
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