Good governance has been a perennial concern worldwide. However, it seems to be so hard to address because history can attest that world leaders themselves could not hold on to their conviction and ideals of becoming good leaders. Here is a list of those world leaders who rose to power but eventually lost it to the disintegration of their commitment to serve their countrymen.
Ferdinand Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989)
He was President of the Republic of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. His greatest achievement, as a president, was in the fields of infrastructure development and international diplomacy. However, his administration was marred by massive government corruption, despotism, nepotism, political repression and human rights violations during the Martial Law era in the country. In 1986 he was ousted from power by the People Power Revolution.
Suharto (June 8, 1921 – January 27, 2008)
He was an Indonesian military leader, and the country’s second President holding the office for 32 years.
The legacy of Suharto’s presidency included a strong centralized and military-dominated government. An ability to maintain stability over divided Indonesia, and a vehement anti-Communist stance, won him the economic and diplomatic support of the West during the Cold War. During his term, Indonesia experienced significant economic growth and industrialization, especially in improving health, and education.
By the 1990s, his government’s authoritarianism and widespread corruption were sources of much discontent, and he was referred as one of the world’s most corrupt leaders.
He was forced to resign from the presidency in May 1998 following mass demonstrations and violence. Suharto lived his post-presidential years in near seclusion, and died at the age of 86 in Jakarta in 2008.
Joseph Ejercito Estrada or Erap (born April 19, 1937)
He was a film actor in the Philippines and is the 13th President of the Philippines from June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001. He was overthrown by the Second People Power Revolution (EDSA DOS) after his aborted impeachment trial in the Senate that would supposedly prove acts of political corruption. The trial of Estrada began as Ombudsman Aniano Desierto filed before the Sandiganbayan, a PHP 4-billion plunder suit and a minor perjury charge for falsely declaring his assets and illegally using the Jose Velarde alias. He was convicted of a crime after the Sandiganbayan found him guilty of plunder, which is punishable by reclusion perpetua.President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo pardoned him on October 25, 2007.
Richard Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994)
He was the thirty-seventh President of the United States (1969-1974). Under his presidency, the United States followed a foreign policy marked by détente with the Soviet Union and by the opening of diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China. Nixon negotiated effectively a ceasefire with North Vietnam, ending the longest war in American history.
In the face of impeachment by the United States House of Representatives and conviction by the Senate for the Watergate scandal, Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974.He was the only American president to resign from office. He suffered a stroke on April 18, 1994 and died at the age of 81 four days later.