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Freud: The Unconscious

An article on the unconscious origin for every conscious output.

In his endeavour to make a radical demarcation between consciousness and the unconscious, Freud suggests the assumption that human self is basically divided between the two above mentioned dualities. So to speak, the argument was held on to sustain that the homo-significant implications of consciousness are the constitutive elements of the self, including rationality and self-reflection. That is to say, “no reason except reason will be accepted ” to account for human’s outputs. On the other hand, at the beginning of the twentieth century, consciousness has been no longer conceived of as the criterion on which Western Humanism is founded. Coming up with such discovery, the temporal structure of the duality consciousness / unconsciousness is shifted upside down to gloss the most salient manoeuvres of the unconscious in construing consciousness as civilization. Within this context, Freud asserts that:

  • ” The unconscious is the larger sphere, which includes within it the smallest sphere of the conscious . Everything conscious has an unconscious preliminary stage;(…). The unconscious is the true physical reality”.

Accordingly, it seems out of necessity that Freud suggests to bracket for a while our extravagant belief in conscious state of being for the sake of considering and identifying a just view about the origin of what is rational. From this stand point, human’s outputs, no matter how rational they are, even the concept of self, are all pre-determined and shaped by the unconscious, its drives and desires. In this regard, Freud’s notion of the unconscious is viewed as one of the precursors of post-structuralism in the sense that it dismantles the ideal humanist of the self.


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