Our basic needs according to Abraham Maslow. Have we achieved the top of the
hierarchy of needs?
The Brief about Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory
For students who learn management and psychology, the name of Abraham Maslow is familiar. Born and raised in Brooklyn, New York, United States, in 1908, Maslow graduated from the University of Wisconsin, United States, major in psychology. He is known for his Hierarchy of Needs theory, where people have some very basic needs such as:
1. Physiological needs, which is the most primary needs such as the need for clothing, food and residence.
2. The second grade is the need for security and safety.
3. The third grade is social needs such as socializing with other people.
4. The fourth grade is the need for praise and appreciation from other people (Esteem Needs).
5. Self-actualization needs is about performing in accordance with the interest and desire.
picture from tutor2U
Abraham Maslow is known as a pioneer of humanistic psychology and Maslow believed that humans are encouraged to understand and accept himself as much as possible. In Maslow’s view, human who actualize himself will have multiple peaks of human experiences more than human who seldom do the self-actualization. Maslow uses the pyramid as a model to visualize his ideas about the hierarchy of needs theory.
This theory is very important for leaders or managers, to know the needs of humans, so they can practice in their job. I learn about theory when I was studying in university. Now I write it in a short article, to learn more about the theory, and in the same time, to learn more about myself. If I become a manager someday I hope I would be able to understand my people well, as I know if they are happy, they will perform well.