Brief description about Classification of Settlements.
Rural Settlements: Village Types
There are several types of rural settlements. Farmsteads and
hamlets belong to rural settlements. Typical of rural settlements
are the villages. You are aware that India is a land of villages
Villages may be classified on the basis of
the site, situation, size and form as follows.
In this type of village, the buildings and houses are found
packed together. High population density is the indirect cause of
such compactness. As the houses and buildings are built in response
to demand from the population, they are huddled together. There
are several families housed in a single dwelling, in such villages.
These are villages which grow around some nuclei. The nuclei
may be a pond, lake or a temple. Roads and buildings are
constructed around it in a dense fashion. In the oases of deserts,
the nucleus of the settlements is the water source. In Tamil Nadu,
Madurai developed with temple as its centre. Likewise, there are
several settlements in India which had developed with forts and
palaces as their centres. St. George Fort was the nucleus of the city
of Chennai is a well known fact.
Grouped or Bunched Settlement
Let us suppose that a family leaves a village and settles down
in another place. Over time, there emerge several houses around it
to make a new village. In this manner, several settlements emerge
near about a village through time. In due course, all these
settlements form a group or a bunched settlement
Although such settlements are clustered, they have two
definable parts. These parts may be found on either side of a bridge
or on the up and down slopes of the hills. Sometimes, the two
develop independent of each other. They may have the same name
with prefixes such as ‘Upper’, ‘Lower’, ‘East’ and ‘West’. At times,
they may have two different names.