An Article about the role of Agriculture in today’s world which provides the information about the importance of Agriculture which cannot be neglected.
Agriculture is the basis of livelihood for the population through the production of foodstuffs and raw materials. Traditionally, the inhabitants of each country or region in the bread basket by farmers, who depend completed, each hung on Agriculture and was interested in their fate. Recently, regional and international trade, dependence on agriculture at home and reduces the amount of food available is less a function of the harvest, when the political decision making at the level of food imports.
To meet the needs of the growing population increased purchasing power, despite a reduced because of the great migration from rural areas, increasing agricultural productivity and its services, a process whose impact on prices of agricultural products had. More people live in cities and on food purchased in the market, increased agricultural prices, a political issue. The importance of society in urban agriculture is an interest in low prices and demand for the primary sector increases is a burden of the urban population.
Increased performance and productivity of agriculture can be achieved by the division of labor and specialization. Today, only part of the production is done on the farm, while using industrial agricultural products such as fertilizers, pesticides, machinery and equipment and services industries like banking, insurance, etc., and the hands of its products to other sectors of the packaging, processing and distribution. Today, agriculture is heavily intertwined with other sectors of the economy. It can not happen without their input and service, and acts as a client to other areas, creating jobs and income outside agriculture.
These changes in agriculture has also affected the agricultural community. Many people in rural areas migrated to the cities and filled the ranks of workers in the secondary and tertiary. changed for the rest of the rural population, farming out a way of life to a profession in which the technical know-how plays an increasingly important. In many cases, changed the structure and organization of the company. New forms, such as part-time employment in farming. In areas with very small businesses and poor soil, urban migration reached the stage where only the elderly live in the village. Particularly in these circumstances, the additional responsibility of agriculture for the Conservation of Nature, the roles it plays today.
Changes in farming – here briefly sketched – bringing new challenges in education and research for higher education in agriculture. The process of agricultural production is increasingly complex, and thus help in scientific research and advice. The need to optimize distribution of inputs has important agricultural economy, particularly in the areas of management. necessary changes in the structure of agriculture require special studies. The use of inputs in agriculture have created new challenges in areas such as agricultural chemicals and food processing technology and has become a new area of specialization. Such a differentiated organization of agriculture requires professional associations. Finally, the supply of food for the population with equal contributions and interest to be achieved with a marketing and operating the distribution network and a good agricultural policy.
For these tasks, people who are trained and research should provide the scientific basis. Changes in agriculture have expanded the role of universities in agriculture education and research.