Sociology is the mother of all social sciences.
Because briefly sociology lovers the whole aspects of human social life, while the rest of social life, while the rest of social sciences confined only to a single aspect of human life. E.g. Economics is a social science which focuses only on economic life of human being but it is one of the aspects of society student by sociology, similarly political science, history etc.
The relationship of sociology with other social sciences is discussed as follow. Social sciences and their relationship with sociology are discussed below:
Sociology and Psychology. Psychology is the science of the mind. It deals with mental processes such as thinking, learning, remembering and decision-making. Modern psychologists also study feelings, emotions, motives and personality. Sociology and psychology are closely inter-linked with each other. It is in the area of social psychology, that psychology comes closest to sociology. Both of the sociologists and social psychologists do the same kind of research. Some of the social psychologists are interested in how personality and behavior are influenced by people’s social backgrounds or by the social settings in which they find themselves. Other social psychologists are especially interested in how people’s personalities influence their behavior. It shall thus be observed that both sociology and psychology deal with human beings. McIver has rightly said that “sociology is special aid to psychology, just as psychology give special aid to sociology. In spite of the similarity and relationship, there is difference between them as well. The object of study of a psychologist is individual whereas that of a sociologist is society. As both have different objectives. Sociology studies society from the viewpoint of community elements, whereas psychology from the viewpoint of psychological factors involved. It has been concluded that sociology and psychology when we study society and we become students of sociology when we study the psychology of the individual being. We are also students of psychology when we study society and we become students of sociology when we study the psychology of the individual being. We are also students of psychology when we study society and we become students of sociology when we study the psychology of the individual being.
Sociology and Anthropology. Anthropology has a close relationship with sociology. It includes Archaeology, physical anthropology, cultural or social anthropology, many branches of linguistics and the study of all aspects of primitive humanity everywhere. Archaeology is the study of men and civilizations that are not alive but have left some remains. Physical anthropology deals with origin of races and human beings. Cultural anthropology deals with cultural development of human beings and behavior of man in social situation. Anthropology has strong ties with the natural sciences, especially biology. Culture, by which we mean the system of symbols, including language and beliefs that is shared by a particular group, is the subject matter of anthropology in the same sense that power and authority are the subject matter of political science, and the production and distribution of goods is the subject matter of economics. Anthropologists tend to study primarily primitive, non-industrial, or non-literate humanity, whereas sociologists study more advanced civilizations. The result of this difference is that anthropologists tend to study societies as wholes. If they specialize, it is usually in a particular culture area. Sociologists, by contrast usually parts of a society, they generally specialize in some institution, such as the family etc.