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Social Interaction; Definitions, Forms, Characteristics and Conditions – Terms Occurrence Social Interaction

Man in his social life, will be interconnected and need each other. Needs that can lead to a process of social interaction.

Lecture Materials HR. Understanding Social Interactions

Man in his social life, will be interconnected and need each other. Needs that can lead to a process of social interaction.

Maryati and Suryawati (2003) states that, “Social interaction is a contact or reciprocity or interstimulasi and response between individuals, between groups or between individuals and groups” (p. 22). Another opinion expressed by Murdiyatmoko and Handayani (2004), “Social interaction is a human relations influences the result of a process that produces a permanent relationship and ultimately allow the formation of social structures” (p. 50).

“Positive interaction is only possible when there is an atmosphere of mutual trust, respect, and mutual support” (Siagian, 2004, p. 216).

Based on the above definition, the authors conclude that social interaction is a relationship between fellow human beings interact with each other both in the relations between individuals, between groups and individuals and groups atar.

Kind of – kind of Social Interaction

According Maryati and Suryawati (2003) Social interaction is divided into three kinds, namely (p. 23):

1. The interaction between the individual and the individual

In this connection it can be positive or negative interactions occur. Positive interaction, if it happens if the relationship mutually beneficial. Negative interactions, if reciprocity harms one party or both (hostile).

2. The interaction between individuals and groups

This interaction can also take place in a positive or negative. Forms of social interaction of individuals and groups a wide – range appropriate circumstances.

3. Social interaction between the group and the group

Social interaction occurs as a group and not the will of a whole person. For example, cooperation between the two companies to discuss a project.

Forms – Forms of Social Interaction

According to the opinion by Tim Sociology (2002), social interaction is categorized into two forms, namely (p. 49):

1. Social interaction is associative, ie, which leads to a form – the form of association (relationship or joint) such as:

a. Cooperation

Is a collaborative effort between individuals or groups to achieve common goals.

b. Accommodation

It is a process of social adjustment in the interaction between individuals and groups – groups of people to ease conflict.

c. Assimilation

Is a social process that occurs when there are groups of people with different cultural backgrounds, get along with each other intensively for a long time, so that eventually their native culture and his form will change the nature of a new culture as a form of cultural mixture.

d. Acculturation

Is a social process that arises, when a group of human society with a particular culture is faced with the elements – elements of a foreign culture in a way that gradually the elements – elements of foreign culture was received and processed into the culture itself, without losing the personality of

culture itself.

2. Dissociative nature of social interaction, which is leading to a form – the form of disagreement or conflict, such as:

a. Competition

It is a struggle of an individual or a particular social group, in order to gain a victory in a competitive or results, without causing any threat or physical impact on their rivals.

b. Kontravensi

Is a form of social processes that sits between competition and conflict or conflict. Being kontravensi among others, the attitude is not happy, either in secret or publicly – patently directed against individuals or groups or the elements – elements of a particular cultural group. Attitudes can be changed into hatred but not until a disagreement or conflict.

c. Conflict

Is a social process between individuals or a particular group of people, due to differences in understanding and fundamental interests, giving rise to a sort of gap or gaps that block social interaction among those fighting it.

Characteristics – Characteristics of Social Interaction

According to Tim Sociology (2002), there are four features – features of social interaction, among others (p. 23):

a. The number of perpetrators more than one person

b. The communication between the actors through social

c. Having a clear purpose or goal

d. Implemented through a specific pattern of social system

Terms – Term Social Interaction Occurrence

According to the opinion by Tim Sociology (2002), social interaction can take place if it satisfies the following two conditions, namely (p. 26):

a. Social contact

Is the relationship between one party and another party is the beginning of the social interaction, and individual – both parties mutually react with each other though not necessarily physical contact.

b. Communication

This means dealing or associating with others.

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