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Theories of Crime

Discusses traditional and modern theories of crime and the future development of crime. In addition, it highlights the complexity of crime in modern times.

Historically crime is a norm rather than exception. Crime is a very complex social issue to be dealt with. However, the insights from sociological theories offer some hope to minimize crime in any society whether they are traditional or modern. In addition, affluence alone will not minimize crime because crime occurs in modern affluent societies due to many complex factors.

In any society the benefits or affluence is not equally distributed and there are individual differences in personality profile and different groups are able to cope with strain and there fore psychological, social environmental factors, official crime control methods, values and beliefs, as well psychological factors, biological factors and social factors interact in different degrees on individuals and groups and there fore give birth to the commitment of crime.

Strain theory of crime

This sociological theory focuses and explains the cause of crime in any society. According to this theory the primary cause of crime is the strain on individuals and groups in society, which pushed them to a point they can’t survive without crime. In this theory of crime three situations causes strain on individuals or some groups in society. The strain can be caused by some groups or individuals prevent them achieving their goals or it can be caused by when something an individual or group value is taken away from them or some groups present an individual or group with noxious or negative stimuli. The goals can be money, status/ respect, or for adolescence autonomy from adults. According to this theory if an individual is prevented to achieve their goals then this will cause strain on them and to restore respect, money or freedom they may use violent behavior, theft, drug dealing and other illegal methods to obtain money. For example people particularly men must have masculine status and if prevented then they may commit crime because this situation causes strain and an individual in this situation may commit crime. For example there is evidence that the lower-class people commit crime because they are unable to earn enough money and money is important in developed countries and if prevented they may commit crime. As well even middle-class people may involve in crime to maintain their living standards if they cannot get enough money by legal means. Studies have also found the negative or noxious stimuli can cause crime. For example studies have found a range of negative events and conditions can increase the likelihood of crime such as child abuse, criminal victimization, physical punishment by parents, negative relations with parents, negative relations with teachers, negative school experiences, negative experiences with peers, neighborhood problems and other life events which are negative can cause strain on individuals and it increases the likelihood of that individual to commit crime in these conditions.

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User Comments
  1. cyril

    On September 30, 2008 at 3:56 am

    im bored

  2. method

    On April 30, 2009 at 6:29 am

    me to

  3. hedzi

    On May 23, 2009 at 10:39 am

    not only you

  4. Martin

    On July 5, 2009 at 12:47 pm

    I guess you must not be concerned about crime, its causes and theories on its developement.

  5. meh

    On October 24, 2009 at 3:53 am

    hmmm I’ve een a very similar article else where … not sure which one is the legitimate one!

  6. Yourboring

    On February 28, 2010 at 6:50 pm

    You guys are soo boring!……………………..

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