Five Tips to Ace that Interview

Verbal interviews may be the only or last platform where you can sell your attributes to the prospective employer and make the best first impression that will land you that dream job. Interviews are nerve-wracking and may sometimes be the final nail in the coffin, making you miss the grand opportunity of getting a job.

Sometimes luck and the right connections can play a part in landing that dream opportunity, but if these two don’t feature in your quest to land a job, then perhaps you need to have these five tips to ace that interview;

1. Once you get that call to appear before the interviewer, begin carrying out a simple research on the company. The internet is a resourceful well of information and many corporations own websites nowadays, making it easy to get basic information on the enterprise. This will benefit you in getting to know what the company advocates for, give you an idea on the perks available, and give you an advantage of being knowledgeable and not be caught flat-footed.

2. Being confident starts by proper preparation. Apart from carrying out research on the firm, finding the perfect attire for the interview is key. Laying it out before the said day will alert you of any missing buttons or stains and save you time on the D-day, allowing you to be punctual.

Avoid too much makeup and accessories as this may be off-putting and give a false perception of your character, especially if the job pertains to the corporate world.

3. Punctuality will come in handy because you get enough time to ease into the mood and prepare yourself psychologically while being in the actual interview environment. It also gives your future employer the impression that you value and respect.

4. Carry with you a copy of your resume and testimonials, alongside any other documents that you think you may require. Trust me; the extra load may just earn you points with the interview panel, showing that you always prepare for any outcomes.

5. Once inside the interview room, break the ice by greeting the panel and ask if you can be seated. Maintain eye contact with the person asking the questions. When asked a question that you may not have a ready answer for, try to have them ask it again to buy a few seconds to search your brain. Stay calm, remain conscious of the panel, stay true to yourself and try to be as honest as possible in your responses. Always highlight your strengths and try as much as possible to avoid any negative responses that begin with “I don’t” and badmouthing your previous employer.

If given a chance to ask a question but you have none, ask how soon you can expect any feedback on if you made it through or not.

With these few tips, please try to maintain a positive attitude, thank the interviewers for the opportunity and time, and always smile. Keep in mind that the interviewers may have once in their lives, been in your position and may understand if you have the occasional stammer due to nerves.

Above all, try to remember to sit up straight, switch off your phone and stay relaxed and keep in mind that failing one interview may be the practice you need that will lead to your passing the next one.

Simple Tips for the Best Banana Pancakes

Pancakes are one of the easiest and quickest solutions to having a great breakfast. They are light, require little preparation and their resulting aroma can make any late riser wake up early to a magnificent breakfast spread.  If you have left over, almost over-ripe bananas, and are looking to spice up your signature pancakes, giving them a nutritional boost, here are a few simple tips for the best banana pancakes.  I find having the pancakes with a hot cup of ginger tea or cold milk most comforting and a better way to start my day.

These suggestions are not at all restrictive. You can go ahead and add a pinch of cinnamon in the mix, or sprinkle cinnamon on the hot pancakes before serving for maximum taste bud arousal. Go ahead, try out these tips and become a banana pancake fan-club member.

For about 6 pancakes you will need;

2 large eggs

11/2 cup sifted all-purpose wheat flour

� cup of fresh milk

A pinch of salt

1 level teaspoon baking powder

2 tablespoons vegetable oil

2 large ripe bananas, blended/mashed

� cup of warmed maple syrup to taste (optional)

Procedure:
– Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water. Dry them and begin work

– Sieve your baking flour into the mixing bowl. Sieving not only removes unwanted particles that sometimes escape into the flour during packaging, it also aerates the flour making it light.

– Add the baking powder to the sieved flour and mix.

– Beat the eggs in a separate bowl. Add the pinch of salt and beat till they whiten.

– Now peel bananas and blend or mash them up to a smooth pulp. Add in the fresh milk and the eggs, then continue blending to a smooth consistency.

Please note that if you choose to mash up the bananas in a bowl, you may need to add and mix the eggs and milk in small quantities to get the desired smooth consistency.

– Carefully pour the banana puree into the mixing bowl and begin mixing with the flour until the mixture is smooth and light. You can now add the vegetable oil into the mixture and continue mixing.

– Preheat the pan and lightly glisten it with a little cooking oil. You can now pour a small portion of the pancake batter onto the pan, on low heat and allow to brown on one side. Turn it over to cook on the other side and repeat this procedure for the rest of the batter till it is complete.

– Serve the hot banana pancakes on a flat plate, with a generous spread of warm maple syrup over them. You can also choose to have the maple syrup on a side dish for those who would find the sugar in the pancakes enough because bananas are already sugary.

stack_of_banana_pancakes

Vegetable Gardening- Tips for the Beginner

Vegetable gardening has been found to be one of the most relaxing and inexpensive ways to relieve stress, work out, bond with nature and grow healthy food. Today, more people are more aware of healthy alternatives and are more willing to eat fresh produce, work out and reduce lifestyle-related illnesses. Everyone can now grow food, whether in an apartment building or in the spacious suburbs regardless of the weather patterns, and be fulfilled in the knowledge that your favorite vegetable will always be in season.

For the beginner who’s been looking to start up, here are some simple tips to getting those vegetables out of the soil and onto your plate;

1. Start small with the simplest vegetables that take the shortest time to grow. Keep in mind that as a beginner, you still have a lot to learn and it is better to carry out the experiment on a small scale than have an epic large scale fail (please note that not all beginners fail, so it depends on luck and how well you follow up on the vegetables)

2. Carry out research and find the best seeds that promise high yields and are disease and weather resistant. In doing so, you guarantee that even if some of the vegetables won’t survive to see you palate, at least you still get some.

In the same space, buy small quantities of seed that will be used all at once instead of having them remain to carry over to the next time you plant. This ensures that their high quality is retained, giving good yields all the time.

3. Once you make the decision to start your vegetable garden, commence soil preparation. It may be a good idea to visit one of the farmer’s stores and consult with the experts on the quality of the soil. Professionals with soil experience are more likely to do soil tests for you and advise you on what soil nutrients to increase and fertilizers to use to add to the soil value, depending on the vegetables you want to grow. They may also advise you on how much water the soil needs for whatever favorite vegetable you hope to grow.

4. Once you get your seeds, fertilizer and soil, consider the ideal location to place your garden, where the vegetables will get sufficient light. Different vegetables need varying lengths and intensity of sunlight. It might be advisable to have a protective tent if the garden is the plot behind your house to cover the vegetable once the sun is too hot, or where you can install lighting in case you need artificial lighting.

If you intend to use pots, buckets, sacks or cut bottles, then consider having them in an area that has drainage to allow excess water to flow, and consider having holes in them where the excess water can drain off.

5. Finally, go ahead and begin your journey to getting an all year round supply of fresh vegetables that guarantee you good roughage, steady supply of vitamins and relaxation as you work on the garden.
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These simple tips are far from being exhaustive and are not only meant for vegetable gardening but can be applied to many crops that are easily planted at home. Any beginner can go ahead and try them out, customize them to suit their surroundings and add onto them to make the experience more successful. Who knows, maybe these tips are what you need to discover that green thumb you always thought you had.

Why Are Some People Rich While Other People Are Poor

Often times we think some people are created rich while others poor. How wrong! Why then are some people rich and others wealthy? Neither destiny nor luck have anything to do with it. Some people are rich because they are always looking for ways to either save money or to make money. People who don’t have that drive usually remain poor.

The rich work smart, make the most efficient choices, see opportunities and maximize them, while the poor do not.

1. The poor eat their seed, whereas rich people sow or invest their seed. The rich understands the act of multiplication and compound interest. Compound interest is man’s greatest invention as quoted by Albert Einstein.

2. Poverty comes, in part, from a lack of savings and investments; whereas the rich practice patience and invest in themselves by putting their spare money into savings and investments with a high ROI (Return on Investments) like real estate.

3. The poor want to live like the rich, so they spend their money on luxuries. The rich, however, never spend; they multiply their money by reinvesting their assets then live off the overflow.

4. The rich know how to identify opportunities by taking well calculated risk but the poor do not see opportunities. Rather, they
Pass
Over
Opportunities
Repeatedly

5. The rich have the “can do” mindset, but the poor rely on miracle and luck. This can also be attributed to lazy thinking.

6. Poverty is not a state of purse or pocket, but a state of mind. The difference between the poor and the rich is intelligence.

7. The poor lacks management skills (time, finance, people etc) whereas the rich work to manage and maximize their resources.

8. Poverty comes by inability, lack of self-discipline and unwillingness to confront hardship. People who are poor are usually afraid of failure.  And because of that, they don’t put their ideas into action.  “If you Fail To Plan, you are Planning To Fail.”

The future rich, however, take risks and ask “Why not?”

I believe if you diligently follow the success formula which does not require you to reinvent the wheel, rather do what other successful people did, you will get the result other successful people got.

BP Gulf Oil Spill: Massive Plume of Crude Oil and Chemicals

It has been 4 months since the Deepwater Horizon oil rig exploded and sank into the Gulf of Mexico. This caused the largest marine oil spill, in the history of the petroleum industry. 4 months later, we have lots of lies and very few answers. We also have very little progress. Despite the lack of progress, BP is still in charge of operations. Luckily for them, they have been able to sink and hide most of the oil. For most of the general public, this oil is out of sight and out of mind.

Even though we cannot see most of the oil that is in the Gulf, a new scientific study proves that it is most definitely there. This study proves that the oil is hovering about a kilometer below the water surface. It also confirms that is about 200 meters high, 2 kilometers wide and reaches approximately 35 kilometers from the original spill site. The worst part? This is not just oil. The composition of the hovering plume, is a toxic mix of crude oil and chemicals. The Corexit dispersant is the lingering chemical that is forcing the oil under the surface, where it is not visible.

Here is the research that supports the data above: http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/science.1195223

$2.7 Million Disappears in Orphan Earmark for Atlanta

The year is 1991, it’s the George H. W. Bush administration. The place: Atlanta, Georgia. There is excitement in the city and across the country for the major event that will happen 5 years later – the 1996 Olympic Games.

The excitement is joined with the need for preparation. The city and the region has to prepare – food, safety, shelter, transportation, conveniences, utilities, and infrastructure all have to be ready for the influx of tourists, fans, and athletes that will be arriving.

The federal government, fully aware that how the world would see Atlanta was a reflection of how they also saw the nation, came to their assistance that year in many ways, one of which was an earmark for $58.1 million “for various transportation improvements in connection with the 1996 Olympics, including the city of Atlanta advanced traffic management system (IVHS).”1

The rules laid out in the bill for this money was simple:

  • State of Georgia was to use it for “innovative techniques in highway construction or finance.”
  • The money came from the Highway Trust Fund, and would be used from 1992 to 1997.
  • The money could only be applied to 80% of the project (so the state had some skin in the game).
  • The funds earmarked “shall remain available until expended.”

So what’s the problem? Why are we discussing a twenty year old earmark?

The answer is simple: Because of the language in this bill (can only be used from 1992 – 1997 but funds will remain available until expended), there is $2.7 million being held by the Secretary of Transportation that can only legally be spent… 13 years ago.

How is this possible? This is an example of what is called an ‘orphan earmark’ and nicknamed a ‘disappearmark.’ While it is great that money was not spent when not necessary here, regardless of what congress tried to force upon the recipients, this money still exists but is not included in any real meaningful budgetary numbers.

To make it worse, since this was allocated to the state for a highway project, this money is taken out of the state’s share of federal gas tax revenue!

So let’s get this straight:

  • Georgia doesn’t spend all of the taxpayers money on this project
  • The state is rewarded by losing $2.7 million  from their share of revenue
  • This money is still held by the Department of Transportation
  • No one can use it – so the money just remains with no where to go

There have been several noble attempts by legislators to ‘sunset’ earmarks – if they haven’t been used by a certain time, if recipients can no longer fulfill eligibility requirements, etc. But they continually get squashed.

And I can’t figure it out… but then again, it’s the federal government. They don’t want us to figure it out.

$2.7 Million in today’s dollars = $4.4 Million

*Based on appropriations affect on federal debt over the last 20 years

1. “Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991” HR 2950 ENR, Section 1107 – Innovative Projects. 102nd Congress.

Strong Cross Between Victor Hugo Morales and Magdalena Ruiz Guinazu

Strong cross between Victor Hugo Morales and Magdalena Ruiz Guinazu

As part of a series of interviews with presidential candidates performed together at Radio Continental, Magdalena Ruiz Guinazu and Victor Hugo Morales had a strong cross over journalism.

After a conversation about the media close to the government, Ruiz Guinazu suggested that the name of Victor Hugo’s program on Channel 9, Down-line, reflecting the relationship of the journalist with the Casa Rosada.

-Magdalena Ruiz Guinazu: What do you call your program on Channel 9?

– Victor Hugo Morales:  Slope of line

– MRG:  Slope of line, of course …

– VHM: That I underline, not that I lower it to me …

– MRG: I think so … Anyone who sees your program on Channel 9 or listens to Radio Continental, you know … and you’re defending your right to defend your ideas, but do not come to say that the Government does not intervene … Let the audience questions …

– VHM: No way there will be questions you want here as I hold someone down line on my TV because Bajada line call. Did you think that I fall line, Magdalena?

– MRG: I think so.

– VHM: Who the government?

– MRG: I do not know who, but certainly the government. You defend him permanently. In addition you qualify here the general press and colleagues say they’re a bunch of crap.

– VHM: Never say a word, I would not say that for radio.

– MRG: Yes, and I apply it to me too.

– VHM I did not know … but when? Do you have a record of such an accusation?

– MRG: I do not usually use espionage others do, I have no recording, we were all in the studio here.

“From the nose”. Then Ricardo Alfonsín entered the discussion, when Morales said that “the opposition is led by the nostrils in the mainstream media.”

“Why is so aggressive, Victor Hugo? That is an attitude that is not democratic. I have many more media credentials to oppose the Government: the party, my father [former President Raul Alfonsin], my values. Why do I have to be led by the nose? “interrupted the candidate of the Union for Social Development (UDESA). “I take that word, is a way of signaling that they always mark what is spoken and what was discussed,” continued the driver.

By this he meant the beginning of the crossing, when focused on the complaint to the Secretary of Internal Trade, Guillermo Moreno, about his alleged violent incident against an official of the militant Pro “I want to know what we got when we got in the allegations of media companies have now a real mafia, as reported by a hidden camera we know these days, led by [the CEO of Grupo Clarin, Hector] Magnetto, mafia who feel threatened because newsprint is for them a very painful subject, and the man who is facing Newsprint Moreno “.

“What evidence do you have to say that what Newsprint is a mafia? That the decision of the Court, Victor Hugo. Why are you required to say something else when such rigorous testing as the government says something, you are not requires such rigorous testing? “questioned the candidate. “I have the moral conviction that it is a mafia,” said Victor Hugo, to which Alfonsin said: “I have many convictions, but I can from my convictions to say what happens to me. That’s what the Justice. I have many beliefs, many certainties, and many things that happen in the private sector and the media do not like but it is much more serious when these things are done by the State, the State must argue that these things do not happen ” .

Then, Alfonsin stressed the multiplication of media close to the government in recent times, backed by Ruiz Guinazu. “In a few countries, a government must have many means at its favor,” said presidential candidate and spoke of “media patronage” in the media inside, driven from government advertising.

Modern Warfare Three

Modern Warfare 3 is getting quickscope back in the game (thank you Infinity Ward). Things is what sniper will be the quickscope sniper,not unlike mw2 were the intervention fmj was the one to go for.It is suggested that the m28 or more commonly known as the barret .50cal will be the sniper of choice holding 10 rounds in a clip.It also has a rate of fire from 60 to 70 rounds per minute,making it a good choice.Problem is that all other snipers in the game will have 20 rounds per clip.For example the m14 ebr is suposed to be in the game.It has a 20 round clip and fires 1400 rounds per minute,making it an efficient sniper for killing oportunities in many situations of the game.

This is just an opinion of what i think should be the sniper of choice,but its up to you to make your quickscoping tactics and to make sure u pick the one thats right for the style.

This is,(Fuze)ShadowReaver signing off,till next time.

Dicaprio, The First Who Owns a Fisker Karma | Fisker Karma Was Lauched


The first customer will take possession of model Fisker Karma is Leonardo DiCaprio. In addition, 3,000 clients have already ordered the car, and by early 2012, the company Fisker says it will honor all requests. Some say the waiting list is longer and other personalities such as Al Gore and Colin Powel.Currently, the Valmet factory in Finland produces five cars per week, but by November the rate will increase to 300 units produced per week

Henrik Fisker, the founder has more ambitious plans. After Karma will be retired, Fisker aims to create more new versions, including a shooting and a convertible station wagon, which will be sold in limited series. The shooting break will be launched at the Frankfurt Motor Show this fall.

If all goes as planned in early 2013 Fisker will expose to the public a smaller model designed to rival the BMW 3 series. Currently, its code name is,”Nina Project. Fisker Karma is a vehicle built with aluminum chassis and is equipped with two electric motors, and a propellant gas station, which occupies the central place the battery charging. Are available 260 hp, 2.0-liter engine produced by the turbo.

We do not know if Leonardo DiCaprio him more interested in technical data or design of this machine, but we know that girl in the photos is not included in standard package.

The Impact of Industrialization and Urbanization on Indian Tribals

On of the main problems which the Indian tribes face is industrialization of backward areas and consequent urbanization.The government policy of industrializing remote areas has led to the emergence of high-tech industries in tribal belts.The impact of such industrialization is manifold:

Development in terms of economic prosperity might mean doom to the tribal identity.The first and major impact which tribal population faces is in the shape of loss of tribal identity through the establishment of industries.With major tribal tracts being depopulated and herded to new settlements to give space for establishment of factories,tribals are ill-ease in the new environments.Their customs and traditions come under pressure.Due to contact with the town- culture that industrialization brings,and consequent urbanization a revolutionary change in the attitude of tribals can be seen.

Tribal religion is mocked at in the light of more organized religions like Chrisitianity and Hinduism.Magical cures which tribals practicsed have become out of date and look down upon.

Social problems devastate tribals through urbanization.Urban conditions which the industry ushers into the tribal areas will mean introduction of completely alien way of social contact to the population.

Economically the urban culture is highly materialistic.Tribal economic systems will disintegrate in the industrialised environment.With more and more tribal youth adopting to factory culture and skilled labour espousing new avenues to eke out living, tribal modes of cultivation and crafts are steadily declinning.

The benefits of urbanization and industrialization should also  be taken into account.Tribals who were used to depend upon shifting cultivation and lived liked nomads are now settling down.Their children are exposed to better living conditions including education and health care services.Better sanitation means better health to the community.

The ABCs of GMOs

And it seems as though no conclusive answers to our questions are in sight. The best any layman can do is learn what is known thus far and decide for oneself.

GMOs are genetically modified organisms – they’ve had their genomes altered through genetic engineering. In a lab, DNA from one organism is modified and then transferred into the DNA of another organism in order to produce desired traits. Used mostly in plants such as corn, soybeans, canola and wheat, two desired traits that are of particular value are drought tolerance and pest resistance. These desired traits help produce crops that are at less risk from the elements and require less care.

Two examples of genetically modified foods include:

  • The Flavr Savr tomato. This more rot resistant tomato was made by a California company, Calgene.
  • Roundup Ready soybeans were engineered to resist the weed killer, Roundup. When fields are sprayed, everything but the soybeans died.The controversies surrounding genetically modified foods focus on both human and environmental safety, and on labeling so people can have choice. No matter which side of the GMO issue you fall on, one has to admit that the ability to isolate a specific gene for a single trait is pretty cool science, at least.

Pro GMO

While producing genetically modified foods sounds unnatural, science has continually led us to ongoing positive medical advancements that have helped people lead longer and healthier lives. Some of the current and future accomplishments in favor of genetically modified foods include being able to develop foods that have added nutrients, foods that contain vaccines, and faster growing foods. With growing world population and hunger still a global issue, the ability to feed the planet is key.

Con GMO

Because this is a relatively new science, there has not been thorough testing over time on both the human and environmental impact of genetically modified foods. Some of the worries include the unknown impact on other organisms such as soil, or in cross-pollination. Political issues include the worry that developing nations will become increasingly dependent on richer nations and large dominating companies. And one of the biggest dilemmas is of how to label these foods.

It is obvious that careful monitoring of the genetically modified food supply is needed to document both the positive and negative side effects, for there is the potential that GMOs can have much to offer in the future.

Outcomes From Reaching Your Goals

Reprinted from the Huffington Post

In life and work, success begins with a goal. It could be losing weight, asking for a raise, quitting smoking or starting your own business. Big or small, goals give us purpose and, like a compass, keep us headed in the right direction. Of course, it then takes lots of hard work and determination to reach your destination.

Writing over 2,000 years ago, Aristotle described the process this way: “First, have a definite, clear, practical ideal; a goal, an objective. Second, have the necessary means to achieve your ends: wisdom, money, materials, and methods. Third, adjust all your means to that end.”

Unfortunately, many of us remain stuck at the goal stage. We start out with good intentions and perhaps a plan, but then we can’t seem to make it happen.

There are countless reasons that this occurs — busyness, impatience, fear and negative social pressures are some of the usual culprits — so how do we respond to these challenges and move in the direction of our goal?

Seeing Is Believing

Before we can believe in a goal, we first must have an idea of what it looks like. To paraphrase the old adage: we must see it before we can believe it.

This is where visualization comes in, which is simply a technique for creating a mental image of a future event. When we visualize our desired outcome, we begin to “see” the possibility of achieving it. Through visualization, we catch a glimpse of what is, in the words of one writer, our “preferred future.” When this happens, we are motivated and prepared to pursue our goal.

Visualization should not be confused with the “think it and you will be it” advice peddled by popular self-help gurus. It is not a gimmick, nor does it involve dreaming or hoping for a better future. Rather, visualization is a well-developed method of performance improvement supported by substantial scientific evidence and used by successful people across a range of fields.

Take athletes, for example. Studies show that visualization increases athletic performance by improving motivation, coordination and concentration. It also aids in relaxation and helps reduce fear and anxiety. In the words of one researcher, “visualization helps the athlete just do it and do it with confidence, poise, and perfection.”

Former NBA great Jerry West is a great example of how this works. Known for hitting shots at the buzzer, he acquired the nickname “Mr. Clutch.” When asked what accounted for his ability to make the big shots, West explained that he had rehearsed making those same shots countless times in his mind. Other sports legends like Michael Jordan, Larry Bird, Tiger Woods and pitcher Roy Halladay have also used visualization to improve their performance and achieve their personal best.

Why Visualization Works

According to research using brain imagery, visualization works because neurons in our brains, those electrically excitable cells that transmit information, interpret imagery as equivalent to a real-life action. When we visualize an act, the brain generates an impulse that tells our neurons to “perform” the movement. This creates a new neural pathway — clusters of cells in our brain that work together to create memories or learned behaviors — that primes our body to act in a way consistent to what we imagined. All of this occurs without actually performing the physical activity, yet it achieves a similar result.

Putting It All Together

Remember, you don’t have to be an elite athlete to benefit from visualization. Whether you’re a student, businessperson, parent or spouse, visualization will keep you tethered to your goal and increase your chances of achieving it. The power of visualization is available to all people.

There are two types of visualization, each of which serves a distinct purpose, but for greatest effect, they should be used together. The first method is outcome visualization and involves envisioning yourself achieving your goal. To do this, create a detailed mental image of the desired outcome using all of your senses.

For example, if your goal is to run your first marathon, visualize yourself crossing the finish line in the time you desire. Hold that mental image as long as possible. What does it feel like to pass under the finishing banner, looking at your watch, the cool air on your overheated body? Who is there to greet you as you finish? Your family? Friends? Other runners? Imagine the excitement, satisfaction, and thrill you will experience as you walk off the lactic acid and fall exhausted into their arms.

Some people find it useful to write their goal down, and then, in as much detail as possible, translate it into a visual representation. It could be a hand-drawn picture, a photograph or a diagram. The media doesn’t matter, just as long as it helps you create a vivid mental image and stay motivated.

The second type of visualization is process visualization. It involves envisioning each of the actions necessary to achieve the outcome you want. Focus on completing each of the steps you need to achieve your goal, but not on the overall goal itself.

Back to the marathon example: Before the race, visualize yourself running well — legs pumping like pistons, arms relaxed, breathing controlled. In your mind, break the course into sections and visualize how you will run each part, thinking about your pace, gait and split time. Imagine what it will feel like when you hit “the wall,” that point in the race where your body wants to stop, and more importantly, what you must do to break through it.

You may never run a marathon. However, you can use the same principles to achieve any goal — create a vivid mental picture of yourself succeeding, envision what you must do during each step of the process and, like a runner pushing through “the wall,” use positive mental imagery to stay focused and motivated when you experience obstacles or setbacks.

Visualization does not guarantee success. It also does not replace hard work and practice. But when combined with diligent effort (and, I would add, a strong support network), it is a powerful way to achieve positive, behavioral change and create the life you desire.

Follow Frank Niles, Ph.D. on Twitter: www.twitter.com/@frankniles

Do Cobras Carry Gems on Their Hoods?

The Judeo-Christian traditions see snakes as evil and cunning that seek to corrupt our souls – a result of a well-known antediluvian incident at Eden. I have also read something fascinating: the meaning of the Hebrew word for “serpent” matches the word “messiah”.

Hindus worship the snakes, and snakes are an integral part of Indian culture. There are festivals during which snakes are worshipped, and there are temples for snakes too. Many Hindu gods wear the snakes around their necks or waists, or make a bed out of it.

Shiva and Vishnu with reptilian adornments

You will find many trees on the countryside where snakes are sculpted on stone slabs. Probably, you would find an ant hill nearby. The worship of the snake is closely associated with fertility rituals. Women throng here on certain days; feed milk to snakes and offer worship.

Narasimha Snake Temple in India.

Often when a child is born; it is named after the snake deity – Nagappa, Nagamma, etc. Killing of a cobra is considered to be a sin; thus, people don’t kill it when they chance upon it at homes or in open fields, despite the fear that it is poisonous.

The Cobra Gem or the Nagamani

There are several myths connected with snakes, especially the cobra. People believe the hood of an old cobra carries a Pearl that radiates light even in the dark, and bestows luck and great fortune on whoever possesses them.

How does the pearl get developed in the cobra? It is said that if a snake lives up to 100 years or probably longer and hasn’t exhausted its venom, the venom hardens into an iridescent pearl, and the snake uses this pearl to hunt the prey.

The Newyork Times, March 9, 1890 talks about an article published in Harper’s monthly magazine by Prof. Hensoldt PhD, who had personally seen the cobra pearl in Sri Lanka under natural conditions and researched on a few pieces he owned. He found the stone to be made of a mineral called chlorophane, a rare variety of fluorspar.

Some varieties of chlorophane phosphoresce for hours in the dark even when slightly warmed by holding it in the  hands for a few moments.

Why and how do the snakes carry and make use of them, and from where do these chlorophane pebbles come from?

Cobras are perhaps the only serpents which eat insects and have preference for fire-flies because they can be easily caught at night. The female fire-flies are much larger than males, and cannot fly. They sit quietly in grass, emit a greenish light that fades and glows rhythmically, and this light attracts male fire-flies.

The chlorophane pebble also emits in the dark a dark green light not unlike the female fire-flies, and cobras use them as decoys to attract the fire-flies with it.

The cobra finds one these shining pebble in the gravel of the dry river beds, and goes for it assuming it to be the larvae of some glow worm. Through experience, it would notice that the fire-flies could be caught much more easily using the phosphorescent pebble. The cobra carries it about and soon learns to treasure it as a means to easy food during its old age. Prof. Hensoldt believes even a young cobra learns the tricks of the trade and it becomes an instinct for it, because the inherited race memory among the lower animals is often far stronger than the memory gathered during the short lifetime of the individual.

Where Are The Cholophane Pebbles Found?

The water worn chlorophane pebbles are normally found in dry bed rivers and especially in area where gem mines are around, i.e. places like Sri Lanka, Burma and Ural (Siberia). In Sri-Lanka the chlorophane is also called serpent stone.

A chlorophane from Siberia glows white from hand heat, green in boiling water and emerald on burning coal. And Chlorophane from Amelia Court House, Virginia, long recognized as remarkably thermo luminescent, became, after exposure to UV rays, so sensitive it would glow green from the heat of one’s hand.

With all this background, one can say that Cobra Pearl is not formed inside the body of a snake.

Reference

http://www.indiadivine.org/audarya/hinduism-forum/741623-all-naga-mani-s-chlorophane-ex-fluorite-not-formed-harden-venom.html

Will The World End in 2012 Yes or No?

Will the world end in 2012 yes or no?

Just how actually must you consider the discuss regarding an end of the world 2012 doomsday?

Generally there are a multitude of Dec 21 2012 predictions concerning the end of the world, earth as all of us know it. Some point out that upon an old Mayan calendar 2012 points to the end of the world: these people choose December 21 2012 as the exact day simply because this is when the actual calendar finishes. Other people talk about a Nostradamus 2012 end of the world prediction.

A few 2012 end of the world prophecies tend to be related to each other well, some aren’t. It has got to the level in which the concept associated with a 2012 end of the world doomsday is actually freaking many persons out. Should anyone indeed be freaked? We do not think so. To begin with, provided previous doomsday estimations and prophecies in regards to the end of the world, the planet should certainly have finished by today! Considering that the earth is even now here, it might be reasonable to state then that, up to now, every end of the world prophecies as well as intutions regarding the end of the world failed!

Even so, a word of caution! Simply due to the fact the earth has survived numerous end of the world prophecies up to now, doesn’t assure it’ll still be here within the year 2012, or even tomorrow for instance. Just about any regarded threat needs to be considered seriously. We really are a somewhat insecure planet. The “Greenies” have great points concerning the susceptability of our ecosystem. Even though we all don’t consider any kind of end of the world 2012 prophecies will occur, we are aware of that there are plenty of foolish, power hungry people that increase the risk for earth in order to become vulnerable to a doomsday. However, not a 2012 end of the world!

It is actually a well known truth that we now have sufficient nuclear weapons in order to eliminate the entire world… quite a few times over! And they are saying we are improving. developing! Will the end of the world occur on Dec 21 2012 for this reason ? All it would need is just one lunatic to press the button! Outcome: end of the world by way of nuclear war. Yet is this one really an end of the world 2012 prediction ?

In case you put all these known details besides and neglect them as it were, could it be really likely that a couple of end of the world 2012 prediction can wipe out the world? The year 2012 is merely about upon us all. Today constitutes a moment in order to ask if there are actually any kind of 2012 end of the world prophecies that one can really consider?

One particular element is for sure: previous prophecies concerning the end of the world that don’t appear to be true are no assurance that some other 2012 estimations won’t come true – however will anything occur to bring about a 2012 end of the world for this planet, on Dec. 21 2012? While we do not believe that, it is still not bad to question this.

Hot Actors Over 40 Feat. Johnny Depp, Robert Downey Jr., Paul Rudd, Gerard Butler & More

This is a sequel to my Hot Actors over 50 article. This article is dedicated to the handsome actors who are between the ages 40 & 49. Most of them require no introduction.

The order is random. I might have forgotten some actors, so feel free to remind me your favorites. Guys are welcome to suggest Hot Actresses over 40.

Johnny Depp – 1963

Johnny Depp is one of those rare actors who is loved by both men and women, since he possesses great looks and even a greater talent. My favorite Johnny Depp movies are  The Tourist, What’s Eating Gilbert Grape, Public Enemies, Benny & Joon, Nick of Time, Chocolat, Pirates of the Caribbean The Curse of the Black Pearl, Once Upon a Time in Mexico, Finding Neverland.

Timothy Olyphant – 1968

JUSTIFIED: Episode 6: When the Guns Come Out (Airs February 21, 10:00 pm e/p). Pictured: Timothy Olyphant. CR: Prashant Gupta / FX

Recommended Timothy Olyphant:

TV Series: Justified, Deadwood, Damages Season 2
Movies: A Perfect Getaway, Hitman, Live Free or Die Hard 4, Catch and Release, Bill, The Girl Next Door.

Tom Cruise – 1962

05/17/2010 – Tom Cruise – Jerry Bruckheimer Hand and Footprint Ceremony at Grauman’s Chinese Theatre – Grauman’s Chinese Theatre – Hollywood, CA, USA – Keywords: – 0 – – Photo Credit: Bob Charlotte / PR Photos – Contact (1-866-551-7827)

Recommended:  Mission Impossible 2, Far & Away, Minority Report, Top Gun, Knight and Day, Jerry Maguire, The Firm,  Lions for Lambs, The Last Samurai, Rain Man, Born on The Fourth of July, Taps

Gerard Butler – 1969

Recommended: Law Abiding Citizen, Gamer, Nim’s Island, Please!, Butterfly on a Wheel, Dear Frankie, The Ugly Truth

Clive Owen – 1964

Recommended: Shoot ‘Em Up, Beyond Borders, Elizabeth: The Golden Age, Duplicity, The Boys are Back, The International

Robert Downey Jr. – Born 1964 

Recommended: Air America, Iron Man 2, Sherlock Holmes

Jeffrey Dean Morgan – Born 1966

Recommended:

Watchmen – co-starring Patrick Wilson, Matthew Goode, Malin Akerman, Billy Crudup; P.S. I Love You – starring Gerard Butler, Hillary Swank
TV: Grey’s Anatomy Season 2

Paul Rudd – Born 1969

I know it is hard to believe, since Paul Rudd barely looks 30. But he was born in 1969.
Recommended Paul Rudd: I Could Never Be Your Woman – co-starring Michelle Pfeiffer and Clueless– starring Alicia Silverstone, Forgetting Sarah Marshall– starring Jason Segel, Kristen Bell, Mila Kunis and I Love You Man– co-starring Jason Segel.

Why Do Vampires Make The Best Lovers?

Since the huge phenomena of Twilight, vampires have suddenly become incredibly sexy and have proven to be the best lovers in the fantasy world of literature…

Vampires were once mythical creatures which sucked the blood out of humans by biting them in the neck, they were also perceived as monsters and killers. But recently the perception of vampires has now changed incredibly they remain however the same mythical creatures but they have suddenly become incredibly sexy and erotic.

Kristen Stewart and vampire Robert Pattinson in Twilight.

Since the rise of the Twilight Saga by Stephanie Meyers, Vampires have not only become a very popular genre in the world of literature but they have also become a household creature which majority of teenage girls have fallen under the spell of. Since the Twilight Saga more books and more Television series have now become more and more popular and more in demand of. This could be due to very good choices of actors to play such vampires but also due to the incredible characters produced by authors.

Literature has also produced vampires which have proved to be some of the best lovers in literature for e.g. Edward Cullen (Twilight Saga), Stefan Salvatore (The Vampire Diaries) or Simon (The Silver Kiss). The irony of it all is that these male characters have shown to be some of the tenderest, caring, loving, and protecting lovers but they are creatures which are in fact created to kill. So why is it that they are so very appealing to the female species.

Here are some reasons:
Some of them are still a virgin even being over 100 years old, therefore when they do fall for a girl its more of a special and intense bond which is in fact more of a true love between them.

  • They have experienced many hardships especially if they did not want to turn in to a vampire therefore are incredibly sensitive and understanding and are willing to listen.
  • Vampires are also very romantic and thoughtful because they have lived through many different eras therefore know what is incredibly romantic and acceptable.Quite frankly the list can go on and on. However lets call a spade a spade because regardless of their lovely nature they are still killers, and proved in literature there are two types of vampires:
  • A loving, caring vampire who just wants you.
  • An evil creature who is fulfilling his initial nature.

However film and TV series adaptations are a major part when questioning why vampires are indeed better lovers because some of the most gorgeous actors out there are gracing our screens with their portrayals of vampires and whether they play goodies or baddies they still remain irresistibly sexy. For e.g. take The Vampire diaries Salvatore brothers played by Ian Somerhalder and Paul Wesly do not only play sexy vampires but you also get one which is a goody and one which is a baddie therefore making them both all the more sexy.

Regardless of reasons one has to admit that having a vampire boyfriend may not seem like such a bad thing except for the fact that vampires are immortal therefore they will remain their irresistable selfs and us women will grow old which is indeed a morbid and horrible thought which we will now not acknowledge.

However forgetting this fact for a second or forever, vampires have now become a part of many women lives as they are captured in their sexy good looks and mystery.
And even though they are mythical creatures it never stops you from wishing that you are also bitten by a very dishy vampire…

Obstacles to Development

Currently there are two major groups of countries: developed and developing countries. They represent two totally different worlds, one with all the conditions of well-being the other with bad and often degrading living conditions. But what is the origin of this inequality?

The Colonial Past

A major cause is related to the colonial past of many countries. The colonizing countries (Europeans) exploited the natural wealth of these countries in benefit of Europe. So, they developed further, leaving the colonized countries with no evolution. Almost all African countries achieved independence after World War II,  in the 60s. This ultimately led to dictatorships and political instability. Today, armed conflict still dominate in this countries which reduces their possibilities of development.

Natural Hazards

Photo Marco Dormino/ The United Nations

In general, developing countries are more vulnerable to natural hazards because the financial and technical resources available to carry out disaster prevention, saving lives and rebuilding infrastructure are lower than those of developed countries. That is why hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunamis, floods and droughts, very common in developing countries, have a great impact on its economy.

A good example is what happened in Haiti and Chile. A strong earthquake in Chile resulted in less than a thousand victims. In Haiti, the death rate was more than two hundred thousand.

Population Growth

Developing countries are primarily responsible for the population explosion in the world and, in general, still have high rates of natural increase due to high birth rate. Due to this rapid growth of population, we are witnessing the worsening of problems such as poverty, the growth of slums and rising of crime, violence and social instability, malnutrition, difficult access to education and lack of health care.

The Democratic Deficit

There are still many countries with single-party regimes (military or dictatorial). It’s common the disregard for human rights and press freedom, the corruption, the misuse of capital and the enrichment of the ruling classes. This triggers political and social instability, which ultimately harms their development.

Armed Conflicts

Developing countries, especially sub-Saharan Africa, Middle East and South Asia, continue to be heavily affected by wars. Destruction of infrastructure, refugees and casualties, expenditure on armaments and recruitment of child soldiers are some of the consequences.

International Trade

Most countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, Africa and the Middle East are still very dependent on the export of agricultural or mineral products. In 38 of these countries, a single product contributes half of the value of the exports. Unfortunately, there was a general fall in commodity prices between 1974 and 2004. Many of these countries, especially sub-Saharan Africa, depend on a small range of agricultural products and, therefore, the general fall of prices led them to double exports to maintain income levels constant and counter the deterioration of terms of trade. However, more offer eventually mean new lower prices and thus aggravated the terms of trade.

Transnational Corporations

The objectives of the transnational corporations are easy to summarize: lower production costs, gain more market and increase profits. But they are accused of lack of loyalty to workers and to the countries that host them, when they close its subsidiaries and move it to other countries, where production costs are lower. Many cause serious environmental damage, exploiting the raw materials and the labor-cheap population of developing countries, as their profits are repatriated almost entirely to developed countries.

In many developing countries, governments are very vulnerable to the interests of transnational corporations, yielding to corruption and allowing over-exploitation of resources of their own country.

Best Modern Jet Fighter Aircraft

F-22 Raptor

With the possible exception of the Su-47 Berkut the F-22 is hands down the most advanced jet in the world currently. It’s stealth capabilities and advanced electronics allows it to stalk enemy planes and get in close with out being seen for a kill. It also the only 5th generation fighter jet in service with any air force currently. The jet has good fuel efficiency with it’s “super cruise” which is at Mach 1.8 without after burners. The F-22 gives up speed for aircraft range.

The Su-47-Berkut is on the left.

Su-47 Berkut

Hand’s down the best dogfighting Jet fighter. The Su-47 has extreme maneuverability. A byproduct of it’s forward swept wing design. It is not as stealthy as the F-22 Raptor however it makes that up agility and the ability to carry much more weapons than the F-22 Raptor. The jet uses hard points as well as internal weapon bays.

F-35 Lightning II variant B

The F-35 is a multi-role jet which will replace older US aircraft. The F-35 will have the ability to defend air space and have tactical bombing capabilities. The B variant of the F-35 will have short takeoff and vertical landing capabilities allowing it to land in special places. This stops the need for a runway.

Mig-29 Fulcrum

A well built Mig-29 exceeds or equals the US made F-15. The Mig-29 has great maneuverability and ruggedness. The Mig-29 has newer variants such as the Mig-35 which was developed from the Mig-29M. The Mig-29 had service in Germany as an air superiority fighter in the ’90s.

Dassault Rafale

Is a French multi role fighter that was developed for the French Navy and Airforce. Currently it is the only European fighter aircraft that can be deployed on a carrier. Dassault Rafale is currently only in use by the French. It is aging however however it was the first 4.5th generation fighter. Which makes it unique. It has high tech counter measures designed to make the aircraft extremely survivable.

How to Overcome Loneliness

1.  Recognize loneliness for what it is.

What is loneliness?  It is an enemy, a disease that eats away happiness, alienating you from all that is worthwhile in life, and it sours and thickens the spirit.  Calling it your “friend” or accepting it as a cross you must bear is deadly to your peace of mind.  Wallowing in your misery brings out the most acute feelings of loneliness, feeding it by keeping yourself in that state, sometimes leads to a point that it becomes enjoyable.  Watch out when this happens. It is a sign of danger — not only to you but to others around you as well.

2.  Distinguish between loneliness and aloneness.  These are not the same.  Loners are not necessarily lonely.  Some of the most creative and productive people find it necessary to be alone much of their time.  They have learned to use their solitude creatively.  Fact is, we need periods of solitude.  It is where we generate the physical and spiritual reinvigoration from our crowded schedules.  King David, the psalmist of the Bible also writes about this saying, “He leadeth me beside still waters.  He restoreth my soul.”  All of us experience loss in one way or another.  It is our choice if we let grief stay only for a temporary episode of our life or allow it to become a crippling disease to rot our life away.

3.  Make yourself useful.

Instead of wallowing in a pool of misery, find time to make yourself and your life useful to others.  There are dozens of ways in which you could help.  Go out into the community, find a church, offer your services, and your talents.   Join a cause. You will be surprised at how you gain fulfillment in serving others, in making others smile, in being an inspiration to live.  You’ll soon find out that your former state of self pity is just all about being too concerned about yourself, when you see that there is a whole world out there, and humanity is just as needy as you are.  Find in yourself something you could offer to make this world a better place.

Now get up and find your purpose!

Image from Wikimedia Commons.

Men’s 10 Biggest Lies About Sex

1. The Number of Sex Partners He has had

This is the big one. To sex partners, he’d reduce the number so that he’d appear more reliable and likely to remain in the relationship. To his male buddies, he would typically multiply the number by a factor of 2-10. In her article “The Myth, the Math, the Sex” in The New York Times August 12, 2007, Gina Kolata reports how studies worldwide show that boasting of more sex partners give men higher status than women. Many men report that they are required to brag, otherwise they would be consider less of a male.

2. He Doesn’t Watch Porn

It’s not him but the others. For most men, watching porn is just a sidekick to get aroused and get an instant feeling of being alive. Porn doesn’t compete with steady relationships unless he has a serious addiction or the relationship makes him miserable.

3. He Doesn’t Compare You with Former Partners

He wants to flatter you and be nice and might say that you are prettier, better, warmer etc. If the relationship has started deteriorating, things may change. In the middle of a fight, he might angrily blurt out that some former partner was better, prettier, sexier or more understanding – Oops! Then he’s in big trouble.

Photo source: Wikimedia commons

4. He Has No Contact with Former Partners

For fear of hurting you, he might not mention that he might have occasional contact with some ex and exchange news, just like friends or relatives do. If you pressure him too much, he might get upset. Seasoned cheaters, of course, are a different story, but they are a minority in any society. Infidelity expert and author of the book “Women’s Infidelity”, claims that research shows women cheat just as much.

5. Uncertainty about His Fidelity

This doubt about his ability to remain faithful to his partner, he will never reveal to anyone. When a relationship starts losing the intimacy, the spark that animates the bond, this risk of infidelity rises.

6. He Would Never Fall for a Colleague

Flirting is common at work. Flirting is mostly an innocent game, a sign of being alive. The urge to take that further grows stronger if the relationship doesn’t work any more.

7. How Often He Wants Sex

Men usually want sex more often than women but some women often don’t mind either. For most men, wanting much of it is not a problem, they can live with what they get. But for some men it can be.

8. What Kind of Sex He would Like

Research shows that men report dreams of sex with multiple partners twice as frequently as women. In addition, he might have fantasies about domination, S/M, wearing women’s clothes, role-plays, which he may not be comfortable admitting.


Photo Source: Wikimedia Commons

9. Fantasies about Other Men

Men report having fantasies involving sex with multiple partners and groups with other men involved. Some totally straight men even report fantasizing about other men. These are just fantasies and they would probably never think of having any homosexual tendencies or inclinations. Reports claim that the Internet however, allows some men to even engage in anonymous sexual interaction also by assuming false identities to act on their fantasies.

10. He Doesn’t Masturbate

He does, though he may never admit it. Many women partners think it’s fine, keeps him fit and content but some women get jealous and make it a power issue. Research reported in Leitenberg, Harold; Henning, Kris (1995), “Sexual Fantasy”, Psychological Bulletin 117 (3): 469–496, shows that 80% of men report having more vivid and detailed fantasies while masturbating than women.


Photo source: Wikimedia commons

How to Have Sex in a Car

For many young people, car is an only place where they can have sex. But do you hear them complaining? No! This is because sex in the car can be great. So, if you are having difficulties with having sex in car, here are some tips that will help you.

Many people have quite an experience when it comes to having sex in a car. But there are some who still haven’t figured it out. And remember that learning to have sex in a car can be very useful. Just remember how many times you and your partner didn’t really want to go to some stupid party. And if you knew how, you could make a stop at the half of the way and have a car sex. It’s spontaneous and exciting. What more can you want?

Here are some tips on how to have a sex in a car.

Keep it nice and clean
Your partner will sure appreciate if you keep your car clean. No one wants to sit on a candy bar or to smell something bad. Even if you are in a steady relationship, you should keep your car nice and clean. This is because you never know when you two might want to have sex in the car.

Wet handkerchiefs
You should always have wet handkerchiefs in your glove compartment. Make sure you choose the non alcohol ones. There is no need to explain why. If you want to have a sex in a car, make sure you buy them right after the condoms. Wet handkerchiefs will be greatly appreciate by your date.

Clothes
If you are planning car sex, make sure you wear something you can easily take off, of course. Think loose, with as few buttons as possible.  Velcro would be ideal. Ladies, consider bras with front enclosures, and men, this is as good a time as any to go commando.

Don’t wear anything too tight, or complicated because nothing can take the edge off quicker than spending 10 lust-filled minutes wrestling with skin tight jeans. And if you haven’t been planning you car sex, try not to run or get holes in stockings.

Condoms
The cheapest birth-control method to make sure your life remains your own. Fill your glove box with them (unless it’s during the summer) and keep them in a ziplock bag to help with freshness.  A condom is useless unless it can still stretch.

Location
You can find places in every city that young people often visit. And no one is thinking on theatres and libraries. So, be sure you ask around. Having sex in a car at some place that no one uses for that purpose can be tricky. The best thing is to go to the places that are already been checked out.

Positions
Try Cowgirl style for intense control. With him in the passenger seat, slide the seat to the rear and recline the seat back flat. Get into his lap and grab onto the headrest for leverage. Unlike sex on a big bed, car sex is limited to few positions (unless you drive an Escalade). The best way is to follow the logic. If both you and your partner are skinny, sex in a car won’t be a problem at all. But if you have some extra pound, take things easy. You just need to find out what the best way for you two is and slowly to learn.

Cutting Edge Weapons: 10 Unusual Knives, Swords and Blades

By C. Jordan

In this age when we think of weapons, we tend to think of aircraft, electronic guidance systems, bombs and missiles. Sophisticated star wars systems may come to mind or huge warships and aircraft carriers or even chemical or nuclear weapons.

Of course that has not always been the case.

From man’s earliest days the blade has been the basic form of weapon whether for hunting, defence or warfare. For close combat and ceremonial occasions it is still in use today: the dress sword of the mounted officer or the bayonet of the infantry. If you are lucky enough to be Knighted you may even get a tap on the shoulders by the British Queen with a ceremonial sword.

I would like to make it clear at this point, that this article takes no stance on the use of weaponry.

My own beliefs and convictions are not included here. This is a look at some of the non standard, more interesting and curious forms that blades have taken, with historical, geographic and cultural differences. I use the term blade because some of the forms shown cannot be described as knives or swords.

  1. The Kukri

    Some readers may be surprised to find that the image shown is actually modern British army issue. It is issued to one of the most feared units in the British army: the Gurkhas.

    It is their weapon of choice in close combat, rather than the bayonet.

    The story of the Gurkhas is a long and historically complicated one.

    Succinctly: Gurkhas hail from Nepal which was part of India. In its Empire building days, Britain made India one of its colonies. The Gurkhas were seen as brave and heroic fighters who were recruited into the colonial Indian army as a “Martial Race”, a term which meant that they were not classed as mercenaries.

    With the independence of India in 1947 four regiments became part of the British army. Prior to this they have fought in both World Wars and latterly were part of the forces that in the 1980’s defeated the Argentine army in the Falklands and also served in the Middle East.

    The Kukri shown above is the standard army issue with karda and chakmak.

    Traditionally the blade is 12-15 inches (30-38cm) long. The karda is a small accessory blade used for many tasks. The chakmak is unsharpened and is used to burnish the blade. It can also be used to start a fire with flint.

  2. The Shamshir

     

    The Shamshir is a sabre that is part of the scimitar group of swords.

    Originating in Persia in the 16th century, it was the weapon of the Persian cavalry.

    Somewhat unwieldy and inaccurate in a thrusting stabbing motion, its strength was in its slashing ability. The curved blade which made it unwieldy for thrusting made it dynamic for a downward slashing movement, normally against un-armoured foot opponents. One writer said that “bright shamshirs which fell on the head cleft men to the waist.”

  3. The Khanda

     

    The Khanda is a straight, heavy double edged Indian sword

    This example clearly shows that the weapon is broader towards the tip than half way down the blade, complete with spike at the base of the handle. Because of its size and weight, this again was a weapon that was more useful for slashing and hacking rather than a stabbing movement.

    It is mainly associated with the Sikhs, Marathas and other clans of the Kshatriya warrior class of India. It is also used in Sikh martial arts.

  4. The Quoit

    The quoit, surely this is a ring of rope used by passengers on luxury liners in days gone by in deck games, or perhaps the ring used in Hoopla on the funfair?

    These pastimes of idling away time do not have much to do with reality.

    The reality was that the quoit was a solid razor sharp ring of thin steel used by the Sikhs of India. (The example above is actually inlaid with gold

    Sikhs with chakrams, 1844

    The quoit also known as a Chakram measured anything between 5-12 inches (13-30cm)

    This weapon was thrown at the enemy. It was released either vertically in an underarm throw to fall under it own weight on the heads of opponents, or would be twirled around the index finger raised above the head and released.

    It is said that in the right hands it could kill a man at 80 paces.

  5. The Kora

    A somewhat rare and fierce weapon, the Kora served as part axe and part sword.

    This Indo/Nepal weapon was used for fighting and for sacrifice.

  6. The Tang

    A tang on a knife or sword is that part that will be enclosed by the handle.

    This is probably how the weapon got its name. At first glance it appears as if the pointed part is like the tang waiting to have the handle fitted with the parts to right and left being hand guards.

    The tang shown is actually 58cm long and 65 cm wide (23 and 26 inches)

    This is actually a “pole arm”. A shaft fits into the opening in the bottom left.

    It derives from China in the 19th century and consists of a 13cm (5 inch) spear type point with two 33cm (13 inch) blades either side.

    This type of weapon was used by police forces or others who needed to keep crowds in order.

  7. The Ayda Katti

    The Ayda Katti is the national sword of the Coorg of Malabar, the South West coastal area of India.

    It is one of the rarest swords in the Indian arsenal and of a very peculiar shape. It is single edged and is reminiscent of a scythe or other farming agricultural tool. However it is a real weapon and a deadly one in experienced hands.

    The blade of this one is 38cm (15 inches) long and 10cm (4 inches) wide at its widest point with a massive steel bolster.

  8. The Katar

    The Katar, shown in the introduction, is a short punching sword from India. The hand fitted into the grip so that the blade was above the knuckles. It was a weapon used by the Rajput, referred to as “the most valiant warriors of the Indian sub continent.”

    Used in close combat the blades were said to be able to punch through armour.

    The fascinating example above incorporates two small pistols alongside the hand grip. this was used by the Maharatti cavalry. An earlier example of this pistol weapon did not have triggers but was fired by squeezing together the two “swallow tails” at the back, which was attached to the firing mechanism.

  9. The Badek

    The Badek (or Badik) is a knife from Java, Indonesia. It is characterized by its single edge blade with straight back and up-curving edge, and the pistol grip shape handle.

    It measures from 20 to 40 cm in length (8-16 inches)

    It sometimes features in Silat Melayu – martial arts from the countries around the Malay Archipelago.

  10. The Kris

    The Kris or Keris is a dagger that originates from Indonesia and Malaysia.

    The Glenbow museum describes them “Kris knives with decorative scabbards are used throughout Indonesia as weapons and ritual objects, and are part of men’s ceremonial attire. The wavy iron blade of the knife represents a snake in movement and is thought to have power to protect its owner.”

    In the past disputes were settled with this double edged dagger. The more people it killed the more valuable it became.

    There was a superstition that it should not be drawn in the presence of the person who gave it to the owner.

    The kris was also supposed to have a spirit that could be good or bad. The same weapon may be bad for one person but good for another.

Ancient Symbols – The Swastika

(Photo above: Anglo-Saxon cinerary urn with swastika motifs, created between 5th and 6th century, from North Elmham, Norfolk.)

The Swastika is an ancient sacred symbol – upon first glance, the words “Sacred” and “Swastika” seem to contradict each other……we are all painfully aware of the negative Nazi association with this symbol, BUT, we should not forget that this symbol is ancient, it did not start with the Nazi’s and it would be a shame to let it end there, when potentially, analysis could provide a startling insight into human history.

The swastika has been used by many cultures and religions

The Swastika has been attributed with many meanings over time.

Many believe that the symbol originated in the ancient Sumerian civilisation (the cradle of civilisation) 5300 – 1940BC located in modern Southern Iraq – the Swastika symbol has been found on some of the earliest Sumerian pottery ……. but, the earliest discovered use of the Swastika was in and around India during the Neolithic era – the new stone age – 9500 years ago!

The word Swastika is derived from the Sanskrit language – svastika – meaning well being or lucky.
Source

In 1925, Coca Cola launched a brass Swastika shaped lucky watch fob promotion.

It’s possible that the key fob was distributed in Germany just before the 1936 Olympics. The Coca Cola corporation appeared to be one of the sponsors of Hitler’s Third Reich propaganda.

A town in Ontario was named Swastika in 1911 because of a lucky gold strike.
Source


In Great Britain the common name given to the Swastika from Anglo-Saxon times … was Fylfot, said to have been derived from the Anglo-Saxon “fower fot”, meaning four-footed, or many-footed. SWASTIKA STONE ILKLEY – YORKSHIRE

This carved stone on Woodhouse Crag, Ilkley Moor, Yorkshire, England – the carving is thought to date back to the bronze age (2700 – 700 BC).

You may see the swastika symbol regularly – hidden in plain sight – The Microsoft Swastika
Source

The US Navy base in San Diego was required to spend $ 600,000.00 to alter the design of their building in the wake of numerous complaints following the launch of the aerial visualisation tool – Google Earth. From The Daily Kos.

Buddha in Tanzhe Temple in Bejing, China has a swastika on his chest – “A seal on Buddha’s heart”. In the Buddhist tradition, the Swastika was used to mark the beginning of sacred texts. Source

Villa Romana de Tejada in village of Quintanilla de la Cueza, in the province of (Palencia), Spain.

Mosaic floor showing the symbol of a swastica in the Roman City of Sabratha, Libya

Many scholars have attributed the symbol to be a representation of the sun – However, every time I look at a swastika – I see a spinning, spiral armed galaxy – but given the history of this symbol – how could our ancient ancestors know of or have seen a distant galaxy?

Henrikas Daktaras: Mafia Lord of Lithuania

Dr. Henry (alias – Henytė) – one of the most famous criminals of all time in Lithuania, the Lithuanian media is often referred to as the criminal authority.

Dr. Henry (alias – Henytė) – one of the most famous criminals of all time Lithuania, the Lithuanian media is often referred to as the criminal authority.

Convicted twice. He alleged a number of crimes for extortion, bodily harm, murder. Anticipated that it may be killing his cousin and he put together his protected gang members.

Dr. Henry is convicted for extortion and witness the impact .

1997, February 13, the day of the Vilnius district court granted Dr. Henry 8year prison sentence for mediation redemption cars threats and former Head of the Protection of Ancient Agora (now the Court of the former Criminal Police Office of the Deputy Head) Yuri Milevsko, if that, witness the court recognizes Dari Mačianską which the kidnap of his car .

In October 2001 from Dr H. Vilnius 2 nd amendment to the strict regime colony was released into the freedom for good behavior, completing a three-quarters of the punishment.

The Older Woman Experience

Why do guys who like older women like them? What are the advantages to being with one? Your answers here.
Young women are easy to manipulate, which is cool if you are a somewhat creepy guy looking for somebody to take advantage of. I prefer the ones that have been manipulated before, been played and taken advantage of because they can appreciate honesty. Somebody like me who would rather spend his energy on something other than trying to get a woman to believe a lie is actually a relief. This why women beyond a certain age are more appealing. That said, because they learned what they learned the hard way they tend to come with a certain amount of baggage. This baggage can range from bitter emotional cruelty to the Lorena Bobbitt psycho freak-out baggage. It’s like herpes, there is no way around it you just have to brave the outbreaks and enjoy the rest.

Another good part of the older woman experience is, as many have said before me, the sex. After a woman has been in a marriage for a certain amount of time, or dated for a certain amount of time, and especially after kids, sex loses its sheen. It stops being a moonlight walk on the beach kind of thing and becomes something along the lines of a good foot-rub. Not unromantic, just more functional, less of a prize, than an exercise in mutual satisfaction. It’s not so novel anymore, not so influenced by the movies or TV. The sensual, physical part becomes a greater factor and the fact that you are younger than her gives you an advantage over men in her age-group.

There is also the fact that she is more comfortable with who she is. Women over forty may not be exactly sure of who they are, but they are surer than they were at twenty-five or thirty. This makes you less nervous as you have a better understanding of who they are too. Your conversation is not hamstrung by the uncertainty of what kind of woman you are dealing with. Her confidence will make you more confident.

The drawbacks, for many men, come with the body-type and what most men find physically attractive about a woman. Most guys are attracted to youth and unblemished firmness. Not every woman over forty has the body of a 20-something, and trying to find the few who do is going to drastically limit your pool of potential partners. It helps if you happen to like the way older women look and feel, if you can see the beauty in softer curves, in little imperfections, and if you find that those things are sexier, more welcoming, and more interesting than a shortlived firmness.

by Nick Brice

What Really Happens During a Recession?

Everywhere on the media we get news about the financial crisis and recession. It’s not a single country problem but most of the developed world is in a recession now. The situation has also been called “The Great Recession”.

Some people are also using the term ‘depression’ but that is not what economists would use, not yet.

Difference Between Recession and Depression

What then is the difference between a recession and a depression? Dictionary.com defines recession as “a period of an economic contraction, sometimes limited in scope or duration.” Economists usually define a depression as a decline in real GDP of more than 10% over three or four years. A very old joke tells us “a recession is when your neighbour loses his job, a depression is when you lose yours”.

Events in a Recession

  • Production decreases – People buy less and companies produce less because they can’t sell.
  • Stocks fall – As companies make less profits confidence in the company’s ability to grow and make profits comes down. This lowers share prices.
  • Politicians and company directors start denying – Any early signs of recession are promptly denied as usual market fluctuations or blamed on previous government policies.
  • More people are unemployed – Companies earn less and cut costs by firing people. Labour is usually the largest expense of a company and thus the greatest savings comes from cutting labour costs.
  • People start spending less – People are scared of losing their jobs or incomes and start saving so that they can live off savings if they lose their incomes.
  • Interest rates fall – Governments and Central Banks lower interest rates to make money cheaper so that it is easier for companies to borrow and increase their productivity.
  • Governments adopt expansionary policies – Taxes are cut and public sector spending is raised to boost confidence and increase spending power of consumers.
  • Confidence in the financial institutions suffers – Governments put astronomical sums of taxpayer money to save financial institutions like banks and pension funds to maintain confidence in the financial system.
  • Gloom mongers are in full swing – The same politicians and directors who denied early signs of recession start competing to paint blacker than black pictures of the state of the economy so that taxpayer money can be used to bail out ailing companies or industries and politicians would be seen as saviours.
  • Stricter laws about financial instruments – Governments or central authorities try to introduce stricter methods of controlling financial instruments and systems. Some high profile scapegoats are found. After some time innovative operators succeed in going around control mechanisms resulting in new misuses.
  • Many companies go bankrupt – Companies, which are not agile enough to react to the crisis or able to pressure the governments into bailing them out go bankrupt. Usually the taxpayer is left with the costs of the bankruptcies.
  • Care industry grows – Demand for services grow due to unemployment, early retirement, health problems and mental health issues.
  • Cosmetic industry booms – People defer making large purchases like homes, cars and foreign vacations but buy relatively lower cost cosmetic products to feel good quickly.
  • Reading, communal activities and spending time with family and friends increases – With less money being spent on entertainment, hobbies, travel and devices, activities, which require less money become more popular.
  • Less babies are born in affluent countries – Measured by lower number of searches for baby related products, Heather Hopkins of Hitwise claims that less babies are being made now due to the recession.
  • Developing economies suffer more – If developing economies have to borrow to invest in new kinds of production, their debt burden increases. The developing world already spends $13 on debt repayment for every $1 it receives in grants.

The History of St. Patrick’s Day Parades

How did a Christian observance for the Patron Saint of Ireland turn into the St. Patrick’s Day parades we see every year? Read on to learn some of the history behind the festivities.

“May you live to be a hundred, with one extra year to repent!” goes a well-known Irish saying. And may you be able-bodied enough to enjoy St. Patrick’s Day every year of your life. One of the ways Americans enjoy it in cities across the nation is with annual parades. On March 17th it seems everyone has a wee bit o’the green in him, for they turn out in droves, line the streets early, bring their grills and their picnic baskets, and settle in for a day of pure enjoyment.

Lonely Irish immigrants in Boston in 1737 held the first recorded St. Patrick’s Day celebration in America. It is likely that they continued to celebrate together every year, just as they had in their home country, but the next one recorded in history was in 1762. Irish soldiers stationed there with the English military held a parade in the New York City streets, much to the delight of a growing Irish immigrant community. It was such a success that in 1766 New York declared it an annual event, and so it has been ever since.

The protestant, largely middle-class immigrants formed several ‘Irish Aid’ societies in the late 1700’s and early 1800’s, like the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, to assist each other and new immigrants that were pouring in. They were hard-working, upright people who helped their own and anybody else who needed it. And their celebrations – St. Patrick’s Day being the main one – were boisterous, happy, fun, and open to anybody who wanted to join in. As a result, they were well received by all. Local groups turned out with bagpipes and drums, the churches opened up with bazaars and games, and residents vied with each other to produce the best ethnic dishes and desserts.

In 1845 the Great Potato Famine in Ireland drove scores starving immigrants to American shores, and public opinion changed somewhat. These immigrants – almost a million of them – tended to be poor, uneducated, and Catholic. They had difficulty finding even menial work and were often met with contempt by Americans. Protestant middle class Irish scorned them as well. For years many of them had a rough go in their new country. But the Irish are durable, and find ways to weather storms. Eventually they began to recognize their power as a voting block, and to organize what was called the ‘green machine’. Their power was in their sheer numbers, and political candidates began to woo them determinedly for the swing vote they represented. By this time many cities were hosting parades on March 17, the largest being in New York City. Irishmen must have danced with glee in 1948 when then-President Harry Truman attended the New York City parade, giving his seal of approval to the practice and creating public acceptance across the nation.

St. Patrick’s Day was not an officially recognized holiday until 1976, but most large cities were already hosting their own brand of parades in honor of the day. However, it was increasingly recognized as a secular holiday, not a Christian one, with the emphasis on pure fun. While there is nothing wrong with that, the outlandish customs that Americans seem to love have become offensive to some devout Irish, who would never dream of wearing a “kiss me, I’m Irish” button. Also drinking to excess is now a given for many folks on this holiday, something the true Irish did not tolerate.

In Ireland, businesses were closed on St. Patrick’s Day, including the pubs. The day began by attending church services to honor their patron saint. Men wore a sprig of shamrocks on the hats or jackets, women wore green ribbons in their hair, and children wore green, white and orange badges – the colors of the flag. The rest of the day was devoted to family, friends, and festivities. Games, crafts, and contests were held, and copious quantities of dark Irish beer and traditional Irish dishes were consumed, but drinkers stayed close to home and knew their limits.

It wasn’t until the 1970’s that the Irish parliament repealed the law keeping pubs closed. In 1995 a national campaign began to attract tourism to the war-torn country, and to showcase the beautiful Emerald Isle. A national St. Patrick’s celebration now takes place in Dublin every year, lasting several days. In addition to a huge parade, there are fireworks, concerts, theater productions, and treasure hunts. Close to a million attend every year.

St. Patrick’s Day parades are springing up in other countries as well. Canada, Russia, Singapore, and Japan boast of parades, among others. It just goes to show that, indeed, there may be a little leprechaun in all of us. This is certainly true in America, where the Census Bureau estimates over 34 million Americans can trace some Irish blood in their ancestry.

With this year’s celebration just around the corner, many establishments are already gearing up for the coming festivities. In university towns this often includes neighbors boarding up their windows against a night of frivolity and heavy drinking. But less troublesome celebrations will be everywhere, so be sure to freshen up your green jacket and buff up your dancing shoes! And as the evening wears on and you are ready to end your day, be sure and bless your hosts with a traditional Irish blessing: “May your neighbors respect you, troubles neglect you, the angels protect you, and Heaven accept you.”

How Can We Get Rid of Terrorism?

Terrorism is a major cause of fear, anxiety, and destruction all over the world, in countries like India, Pakistan, USA, UK, France, China, and Spain. How can we get rid of terrorism?

Can anyone ever get used to terrorism? No, it is always a traumatic event for the people involved.

A survey, funded by the National Center for Food Protection and Defense, conducted over the Internet by TNS-NFO 2005 among 4,260 U.S. residents over the age of sixteen found that 98 percent of U.S. residents believed there will be another terrorist attack during their lifetime.

What is Terrorism?

There is no universally valid common definition of terrorism. Terrorism is commonly understood as a systematic use of terror for ideological goals, especially targeted at civilians (non-combatants). If anyone uses terror for making profits or snatching other people’s possessions, it’s robbery, piracy etc and not terrorism.

The United Nations Security Council Resolution 1373, in response to 9/11 attacks on the USA unanimously imposed on all members that all members shall not finance, support terrorists or provide safe havens for them. Most countries, especially those that have suffered from terrorism, have some form of legislation specifically authorizing anti-terrorism measures.

Criticism of Terrorism Definitions

There is much debate about the definition of terrorism and what is considered lawful response. Historically, the main argument against terrorism is the unlawful use of violence. Depending on the point of view, unlawful violence has been used for centuries by many nation states to further their own commercial, political ends and further their hegemony ambitions as well as destabilize or delegitimize political opponents. Thus, nation states themselves can be seen as becoming guilty of practising the same crimes they accuse the terrorists of doing.

Further, the response to terrorist attacks seldom addresses issues that produced terrorism in the first place. Significantly, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1373 does not require nation state members to investigate the reasons, which produce these horrendous acts of violence.

Most of the known terrorists today are networks. Some are home grown inside nation states, with or without support from powerful groups inside that nation state or with external support even from other nation states. Many are loose international movements functioning as autonomous cells with sophisticated support and functional systems.

Terrorists Can Become Good Guys

There are many notable instances of people called terrorists by others abandoning violence and actually becoming peacemakers.
In 1947, the New York Times describe Irgun, the militant Zionist group fighting against the British occupation, as a terrorist organisation after the King David Hotel bombing in 1946, which killed 91 people. Eventually, their leader Menachem Begin became the prime minister of Israel and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978.

Nelson Mandela, another Nobel Prize winner respected all over the world today, could enter the UN only in July 2008 after being taken off the US list of terrorists by President Bush.

Samuel Adams, one of the leaders of the 1773 Boston Tea Party, a terrorist from the British government perspective, is respected as the “Father of the American Revolution”.

Wikipedia Approach to Terrorism

Terrorism machinators have now adopted a Wikipedia approach, where planners rely on users (media, terrorism analysis industry and media users) for maintaining and contributing to their aims of spreading terror.

The masterminds behind the recent November 26,2008 Mumbai attacks have understood how important their terrible actions are for a terrorism-hungry media, a terrorism analysis industry, local politicians and power groups eager to capitalise on the event.

Celebrity Terrorism?

By showing their faces on CCTV cameras, the terrorists assumed that their images would be broadcast all over the world, and they were. The media response has been a guarantee of instant fame (notoriety) for the perpetrators.

A few days ago the news of the British terror suspect Rashid Rauf being killed in a US drone attack in North Waziristan was spread in global media along with his picture and biographic profile on major media sources.

Do these incidents reveal a new culture of instant attention and fame? Is it the same psychology driving people to take part in programmes like reality shows, Idols and Big Brother? Are we experiencing celebrity terrorism? The psychology behind their recruitment is fame, which they would never get otherwise.

The machinators have understood this emptiness in the inner lives of the young men and fill them with hatred and commands for doing terrible violence.

A Different Solution to Terrorism

The standard response to terrorism has been to fortify borders. Well, can we have a fortress USA, a fortress UK, China or India in this contemporary world of globalization, transparency, and interdependence?

What about seriously directing efforts and a part of these hundreds of billions spent on anti-terrorism wars etc., at creating social, educational, and entrepreneurial structures that would give create jobs for young men in areas where terrorism originates?

Would making roads, building houses, schools, hospitals, and energy production facilities for the local people drive most of the young angry men away from the clutches of the evil machinators?

Surely, it would boost the struggling economies of the developed world by giving jobs to their workers too.

Unknown Facts About President Barrack Obama

President Barack Obama

The 44th President of the United States is about as unknown to the average American as he can be; because he is not a life-long Washington politician.

Most of his life has been spent as a private citizen and an educator. Next week, he travels to France to meet with President Nicolas Sarkozy and it turns out that they have something in common. Neither of them had their father live with them.

President Obama, although extraordinarily bright that he is, will need to use an interpreter to converse with Sarkozy as our current president received a D in 8th grade French!

Here are some other interesting facts about our new African-American President:

1. Obama’s ancestors owned slaves:

A distant cousin from his mother’s side, Gabriel Duvall, a Supreme Court Justice and a member of the US House of Representatives, from the second district of Maryland was also a friend of Thomas Jefferson and the owner of 37 slaves

2. His maternal grandparents liked to move around:

Born in Kansas, Obama’s maternal grandparents lived in four states before settling in Hawaii.

3. Obama’s great-uncle liberated a Nazi concentration camp:

Charles T. Payne, served in the U.S. Army 89th Division and helped liberate Buchenwald concentration camp.

4.  Obama has highly educated family members

Father Barack Hussein Obama got a Master degree in economics from Harvard University, Mother Stanley Ann Dunham Soetoro got a Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of Hawai, Half-sister Auma Obama got her PhD from the University of Heidelberg.


5.   China Business Consultant among family members

Mark Ndesandjo, Barack Obama’s half-brother, son of Ruth Nidesand and Barack Obama Sr. runs an Internet company called WorldNexus that advises Chinese corporations how best to reach international customers.

6.   Obama’s Grandmother was a bank president

Barack Obama’s maternal grandmother was a bank vice president in Hawaii.

7.   His wife was assigned to be his mentor

In 1989 Michelle Obama was asked to mentor a summer associate from Harvard name Barack Obama. Michelle Robinson initially brushed off advances from Barack because he was an intern, and she was higher up the law firm’s hierarchy as an associate.

8.  Obama has won two major media awards

Obama has won two Grammy Awards. First for Best Spoken Word Album in 2005 for the audio book edition of Dreams From My Father (2004), and again in 2007 for the audio book edition of The Audacity of Hope (2006).

9.  Gandhi is Obama’s hero

His heroes are Martin Luther King Jr., Mahatma Gandhi, Pablo Picasso and John Coltrane.

10. Who would Obama choose to play Obama in a movie?

Obama has said that he would like Will Smith to play himself in a movie.

Moving on After Loss

It still really hurts, but it does get better…

Growing up in a secure household where there was never a need for any thought to be given to the insecurity that tomorrow may bring, I had the love of my parents and I grew up with the wonderful companionship of my sister and a house with plenty.

As children we were shielded from the adverse things of life, by never having to face them, although we were made to understand how very fortunate we were and not to ever take anything for granted.

Years have rolled on ever since, and my vision is clouded by the unexpected terminal illness to which I lost my Mum nearly ten years back. It seemed unfair not only because she was young, and so was I, but also we were at that stage in our lives together where we were getting closer and closer and the need to share with her had become almost a necessity. I am a great believer in the the words, ‘Time heals everything,’ and although it seemed impossible at the time, I have overcome my deep sorrow to remember the good days with her, the times we laughed together and the bundle of energy that she was!

In times of grief, people often console you, telling you not to cry, that it will al be alright, and I had all that as well- a close knit extended family and wonderful friends. But the need to grieve is essential and only by allowing myself to feel the pain and on some days get up with the thought that I am not going to make it, did I actually manage to live with the sadness.

There are still days when I miss her so much that my heart physically aches and I am overwhelmed by the fact that my children will never know her, but yet I know she is watching us. If I can be anything like she was as a mother, to my daughters, I will consider myself a real success. She gives me strength to be a better person and I know that if time allows one to get through a personal tragedy and come out on the other side, there is believe strength and resilience in the human spirit. Let not anyone tell you otherwise.